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Full text of "State of Maryland uniform crime reports"

1990 

UNIFORM 
CRIME 
REPORTS 



CRIME 

IN 

MARYLAND 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Kt 
COUEGt PARK LIBRARIES 



STATE OF MARYLAND 
CENTRAL RECORDS DIVISION 



3^ 



1975 - 1990 



(AembojiA of, tke Centjiai 'Reco/icU Oi-v-l^-ion oxp/KZAA 
ttiOAJi AympauUv^ to tka f.amUJ^a/i of. tke. foLLowing, 
Mcuiy,tand Law Enfo/Lcemerut OffX,(iQJi/s laho uuejio. kLLLo-d in 
tke. JJjno. of duty.: 



(Aa/it HudiAoa, ^/l. 
Wallace. Q. (^oivb/iay. 
Timothy. B. liLdenouji 
Donald 11. Kline 
^ohn 6. Daly, 'J/i. 
'John F/iontc^k 
'Jimmy D. Halcomb 
Mayik C. F eathe/i/^tone 
DennlA L. 'Riley 
9aul /V. Mitchell 
ChanleA A. Huckeba 
Q/ieg.g. A. 'P/ieAbcuiy 
Cdgnji J. 'Rumpf 
Albejit h. Clag.g.ett JV 
'JameA B. Sivajit 
NelAori F. Bell, J^i. 
David Q. Leving.ood 
John 6. Spenceyi 
William 'P. fnillA 
Qeo/ig.e (^oyi/ilA 
WiJJlam £. AlbejiA 
Antonio KelAey 
'Phxllp C. Mel^ 
'Ronald C. T/iaaey 



Raymond Hubbard 
Allen 'JohnAon 
Qan.y L. Wade 
Rlcka/id Be.aveA.yi 
Carlton Fleldxeji 
Samuel Snyden. 
Robe/it J. King. 
haA-celluA Wajid 
Vincent J. Adolpho 
Richard J. LeoA. 
Q^egoAy A. hay 

CaAey S. Poet^an 
RlchoAd T. t^illeA. 
Robert T. Pyle^ 
Robejit Alex-ondcA. 
Robeyit W. Zimme/iman 
Ha/i/iy L. Kinlkin, 'Jn.. 
'John Sawa 
La/my £. Small 
hank K. hujiphy 
CaIc D. honk 
William J. hoAtln 
Theodore D. Wolf 



1990 

STATE 
OF 

MARYLAND 

UNIFORM 
CRIME 
REPORTS 

WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER, Governor 

BISHOP L. ROBINSON, Secretary, 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 

Hv 

''I^^^^^ ELMER H. TIPPETT, Superintendent, 
I ij^i^ Maryland State Police 




CENTRAL RECORDS DIVISION 



IDA J.WILLIAMS, Director 



UNIV. OF MO COLLEGE PARK 




3 m3D D33Mb7ba 1 

UNIV. OF MD COLLEGE PARK 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTING 
SECTION 




3 m3a 033Ub7bfl 1 JOHN VESPA, Administrative Officer 
VICTOR KESSLER, Field Records, Representative 
DENISE VIDI SCHERER, Administrative Specialist 




STATE OF MARYLAND 



DEPARTMENT OF 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 



WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER 
GOVERNOR 



MARYLAND STATE POLICE 

PIKESVILLE. MARYLAND 21208-3899 
AREA CODE 301 486-3101 
TTY FOR DEAF AREA CODE 301 486-0677 



BISHOP L ROBINSON 

SECRETARY 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND 
CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 



MELVIN A. STEINBERG 
LT GOVERNOR 



July 22, 1991 



COLONEL ELMER H TIPPETT 
SUPERINTENDENT 
MARYLAND STATE POLICE 



The Honorable William Donald Schaefer 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 

Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Schaefer: 

Pursuant to Article 88B, Sections 9 and 10 of 
the Annotated Code of Maryland, the Maryland State 
Police respectfully submits the 1990 Uniform Crime 
Report for your information and review. 

The information presented here represents the 
sixteenth annual report produced by the Maryland 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program. The statistics 
presented were compiled from monthly reports 
submitted to the Central Records Division of the 
Maryland State Police by all law enforcement agencies 
throughout Maryland. Every effort has been made to 
verify the accuracy and completeness of the published 
information. 

This information is presented with the hope that 
it will be of valuable assistance to law enforcement 
personnel and members of the Executive and Legislative 
branches of government. It should be helpful in 
planning programs and legislation to combat criminal 
activity in Maryland. 



Sincerely , 




Superintendent 



EHTrrs 



Enclosure 



ICau! lEnf ommptit (Hoht of i£tI|irB 



Aa a Ham lEnfnmmpnt WUtter. h /o 

serve ntanlttnJ; to sa^e^arJ tiue5 antl property; to protect tke innocent a^ainAl 
deception, tke weak a^ainst t>ppreAAion or inlimie/ation, anJ tke petxcefut 
against vioience or elisorJer; tuiJ to reApecl tke donstitutionai ri^kld of aff 
men to iikerti^, et^uaiit^ and justi 



Uce. 



lam coura- 



1 will keep my private iife unsuideJl oA an exampie to ait; maintt 
^eouA calm in tke face of clanger, 4com, or riJlicute; Aevetop self -restraint; antl 
ke constantly mindful of tke welfare of otkers. ..JJonest in tkouykt anJ. JieeA 
in kotk my personal anJ of ficial life, ^ wiU ke exemplary in okeyiny tke laws 
of tke Icutd antl tke regulations of my department, atever J see or kear t>f 

a confitlential nature or tkat is confitletl to me in my official capticity will ke 
kept ever secret unless revelation is necessary in 

I mill never act officiously or permit personal feelinyA, prejudices, eutimos- 
ities or frienJskipS to influence my tlecisionS. Will, no compromise for crime 
and wilk relentless prosecution t>f criminals, will enforce tke law courteously 
and appropriately witkoul fear or favor, malice or i ((unit never employiny 
unnecessary force or violence and never txcceptiny yratuities. 



I rrrngntHF kadye of my office tis n Symkol of puklic faitk, txnd 

.3 accept it as a puklic trust to ke keld so lony as ^ cun true to tke etkics of 
tke police Service. ^ will constantly strive to ackieve tkese okfectives tjuid ideals, 
dedicatiny myself kefore ^od to my ckosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 



On behalf of the Maryland State Uniform Crime Contributors, 
a special appreciation is extended to the following for their continued 
support of the program: 



Chief Russell E. Wroten 
Cambridge Police Department 



Sheriff James R. Thomas 
Cecil County Sheriff's Office 

Chief Robert E. Giles 
Cumberland Police Department 



Sheriff Robert C. Snyder 
Frederick County Sheriff's Office 



Lieutenant Colonel D. R. Leslie 
Maryland National Capital Park Police 
Prince George's County 



Chief Leroy Duggan 
Ocean City Police Department 



Colonel Joseph H. Langley 
Pikesville Military Reservation 



Our Uniform Crime Reporting Seminars continue to be a huge 
success, thanks to their generosity and willingness to assist. 

As always, a special thanks is in order to Mr. Richard 
Tamberrino of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional 
Services for his annual assistance in the preparation of the Crime in 
Maryland Book. Thanks is also extended to Mr. Ray Franklin and the 
staff of the Maryland Police Training Commission. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Letter of Transmittal iii 

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics iv 

Acknowledgement v 

Introduction 3 

Classification of Offenses 11 

Crime Factors 23 

Crime Index 25 

Maryland Offense Data 27 

Crime Index Offenses 29 

Murder 38 

Rape 44 

Robbery 48 

Aggravated Assault 54 

Breaking or Entering 58 

Larceny 64 

Motor Vehicle Theft 70 

Arson 74 

Battered Spouse 80 

Index Offense Data 97 

Municipality Crime Rate 141 

Maryland Arrest Data 152 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 163 

Law Enforcement Officers Killed 165 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted 167 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 181 



vi 



LIST OF TABLES AND CHARTS 



Crime Index and Clearances for Maryland 1 

Maryland UCR System Flow 9 

Crime Index Offenses-Volume by Month 32 

Violent Crime-Volume by Month 33 

Property Crime-Volume by Month 34 

Stolen Property-Analysis of value Stolen & Recovered 35 

Murder-Volume by Month . 40 

Murder-Distribution by Circumstances 41 

Murder-Distribution by Type of Weapon 42 

Rape-Volume by Month 46 

Robbery-Volume by Month 50 

Robbery-Distribution by Nature 51 

Aggravated Assault-Volume by Month 56 

Breaking or Enteri ng-Vol ume by Month 60 

Breaking or Entering-Distribution by Nature 61 

Larceny-Volume by Month 66 

Larceny-5 Year Distribution by Nature 67 

Motor Vehicle Theft-Volume by Month 72 

Arson-Volume by Month 76 

Arson-Distribution by Type of Property 77 

Maryland UCR Crime Index Report by Region, County, & Agency... 100 

Municipality Crime Index 142 

Arrests-Juvenile 156 

Arrests-Adult 157 

Arrest Rate-5 Year Trend 158 

Arrests-Sex & Race of Persons Arrested 159 

Arrests-Age of Persons Arrested 160 

Maryland Arrest Report by Region, County, & Agency * 

Police Assaulted-Circumstance 168 

Police Assaul ted-Time of Day 168 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaul ted-By Agency 169 

Law Enforcement Employee Rates 182 

Law Enforcement Data by Agency 183 

Sworn Law Enforcement Employee Data-10 Year County Trend 189 



*See Maryland Arrest Data Supplement. 



vii 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/stateofnnarylandu1990stat 



CRIME INDEX FOR MARYLAND 

10 YEAR TREND 



Average 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 19o5 1984 1983 1982 1981 



WuRDER 



Offenses 


431 


552 


540 


452 


445 


399 


350 


354 


357 


431 


422 


Rate Pes 100.000 Inhabitants 


9.6 


11,5 


11.5 


9.7 


9.8 


8.9 


8.0 


8.1 


8.5 


10.1 


9.9 


Percent Cleared 


76 


75 


71 


72 


73 


73 


78 


82 


77 


81 


81 


I'Jational Average 


72 


• 


68 


70 


70 


70 


72 


74 


76 


74 


72 



Rape 



Offenses 


1,756 


2,185 


1,783 


1,721 


1,894 


1,947 


1,711 


1,544 


1,412 


1,596 


1,653 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


39.3 


45.7 


38.0 


37.1 


41.8 


43.7 


39.0 


37.8 


32.9 


37.4 ■ 


39.1 


Percent Cleared 


58 


61 


59 


58 


56 


60 


59 


55 


59 


58 


58 


fkTioNAL Average 


52 




52 


52 


53 


52 


54 


54 


52 


51 


48 



Robbery 



Offenses 


14,871 


17,393 


15,584 


13,991 


13,363 


13,570 


13.276 


13.113 


14,950 


15,377 


18.095 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


333.3 


353.8 


332.0 


301.3 


294.7 


304.1 


302.3 


301.5 


347.7 


360.5 


424.7 


Percent Cleared 


24 


22 


25 


25 


24 


24 


24 


26 


25 


25 


23 


National Average 


25 




26 


26 


27 


25 


25 


25 


26 


25 


24 



Aggravated Assault 



Offenses 


20,349 


23,837 


22,206 


21.290 


19,597 


21,226 


21,425 


19.369 


18.007 


18,845 


17,591 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


454.7 


498.5 


473.1 


458.4 


432.1 


475.6 


487.8 


445.4 


418.8 


441.9 


415.2 


Percent Cleared 


60 


63 


64 


67 


55 


52 


58 


54 


55 


54 


55 


National Average 


59 


• 


57 


57 


59 


59 


52 


61 


51 


50 


58 



Burglary 



Offenses 


55,843 


53,537 


52,698 


54.596 


53,225 


55,596 


53,158 


51,498 


52,597 


50,547 


70,752 


Rate Pes 100,000 Inhabitants 


1,254.0 


1,119.7 


1,122.7 


1,177.8 


1,173.7 


1,245.7 


1,210.6 


1,184.1 


1,225.5 


1,419.5 


1,660.7 


Percent Cleared 


17 


15 


18 


17 


18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


National Average 


14 




14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


14 


15 


15 


14 



Larceny 



Offenses 


136,821 


147,390 


135,929 


141,415 


135,853 


132,899 


126,193 


123,625 


127,443 


142,903 


152,544 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


3,065.2 


3,082.5 


2,917.1 


3,045.1 


3,017.9 


2,977.8 


2,874.5 


2,842.6 


2,963.8 


3,350.5 


3,580.0 


Percent Cleared 


19 


19 


20 


19 


18 


18 


18 


18 


19 


18 


18 


National Average 


20 




20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


20 


19 


19 


19 



Motor Vehicle Theft 



Offenses 


23,544 


33,885 


31,163 


31,198 


25,419 


24,331 


20,265 


17,284 


15,588 


15.719 


18.486 


Rate Per 100.000 Inhabitants 


522.2 


708.7 


653.9 


671.8 


582.6 


545.2 


451.4 


397.4 


364.8 


392.0 


433.8 


Percent Cleared 


17 


15 


17 


18 


18 


17 


17 


16 


15 


15 


17 


National Average 


15 




15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


14 


14 



Grand Total 



Offenses 


253,514 


278,779 


250,903 


254,754 


251,807 


249.968 


236,388 


226,887 


230.564 


255,418 


279,663 


Rate Per 100,000 Inhabitants 


5.678.0 


5,830.4 


5,558.2 


5,701.2 


5,552.5 


5,600.9 


5,382.2 


5,217.0 


5,362.0 


6,012.2 


5,553.3 


Percent Cleared 


22 


23 


23 


23 


23 


22 


22 


22 


22 


21 


21 


National Average 


21 




21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


20 


19 



'National Average For 1990 '.tor Available As Of Printing Of This Book. 



1 



INTRODUCTION 



The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is one of 
the measures that has been taken in the establishment of an effective 
Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) for the State. This particular 
phase of the CJIS focuses on the incidence of crime and law enforcement. 
By establishing a method to collect, evaluate and process uniform statistical 
data on crime statewide, the Maryland UCR Program provides the means to 
forward more valid data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation from a single 
agency and also to consolidate it into an annual report entitled "Crime in 
Maryland". 



NATIONAL UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 



The counterpart of the Statewide UCR Program is the National 
UCR Program which is under the direction of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation. The National Program resulted from a need for a uniform 
compilation of crime statistics nationwide. Uniform Crime Reports were 
first collected in 1930 after being developed by a committee of the 
International Association of Chiefs of Police. 

The lACP continues to serve in an advisory capacity to the FBI 
in the current operation of the Program. 

Crime statistics voluntarily submitted by individual law 
enforcement agencies from all fifty states are presented annually in 
the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports Publication entitled "Crime in the United 
States". 



MARYLAND UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 



The FBI has actively assisted individual states in the development 
of State UCR Programs compatible with the National Program. Maryland took 
advantage of this assistance in 1972 and was able to develop its own program 
by 1975. 

The responsibility and authority for the collection and dissemi- 
nation of UCR data was assigned to the Maryland Department of Public Safety 
and Correctional Services (State Police) under Article 88B, Sections 9 and 
10, of the Annotated Code of Maryland. 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program became operational 
January 1, 1975. This program consists of the uniform classification, 
review, compilation and analysis of crime statistics reported by all law 
enforcement agencies of the State pursuant to the guidelines and regula- 
tions prescribed by law. 



3 



PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES 



In keeping with the recommendation of the President's Commission 
on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, the Maryland UCR 
Program was planned for eventual growth into a complete and integrated 
offender based Criminal Justice Information System. Under this program, 
each offender arrested in Maryland will be tracked through the entire 
criminal justice system from time of arrest through the courts to the 
correctional system where his exit (Parole, expiration of sentence, etc.) 
will be recorded. In this manner, a complete "criminal history" on 
individual offenders will be availab]e for use by the police, courts, and 
correctional agencies in Maryland. In addition, statistical data derived 
from the CJIS Program will provide assistance in determining the overall 
efficiency of the criminal justice system in Maryland and will make 
effective management studies possible. 

The fundamental objectives of the Maryland UCR Program are: 



1. Inform the governor, legislature, other governmental 
officials, and the public as to the nature of the 
crime problem in Maryland - its magnitude and its 
trends . 

2. Provide law enforcement administrators with criminal 
statistics for administrative and operational use. 

3. Determine who commits crimes by age, sex, race and 
other attributes in order to find the proper focus 
for crime prevention and enforcement. 

4. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
workload and effectiveness of Maryland's Criminal 
Justice System. 

5. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
effects of prevention and deterrence programs. 

6. Provide base data and statistics for research to 
improve the efficiency, effectiveness and perfor- 
mance of criminal justice agencies. 

7. Provide base data to assist in the assessment of 
social and other causes of crime for the develop- 
ment of theories of criminal behavior. 

8. Provide the FBI with complete UCR data to be in- 
cluded in the national crime reports. 



4 



DEVELOPMENT 



Effective September 1972, the first federal grant was 
awarded to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 
(State Police) by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration to 
provide money to initiate a Statewide Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
in Maryland. A committee for the implementation of this program was 
then established by State Police. 

The committee made studies of the federal program, as well 
as several State UCR Programs, which were operational at that time. 
Forms, tally books, and the Maryland UCR Manual were developed, 
printed and distributed to all contributing agencies. Questionnaires 
concerning each law enforcement agencies record keeping system were 
distributed to determine their capability to fully participate in the 
State Program. 

In September 1974, an additional grant was awarded to the 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) 
by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration for the purpose of 
hiring Field Records Representatives to serve as liaison officers 
between the State Program and the contributing law enforcement agencies. 
Also, additional clerical support for the State Program was provided in 
the grant. 

During the developmental phase, several workshops were held in 
various parts of the State to present the UCR Program in detail to 
participating agencies. Since that time, supplemental workshops have 
been held as needed. 

During 1975, the first year of operation, the UCR Staff 
concentrated its efforts in assisting requesting law enforcement 
agencies in devising or improving their record keeping system. 
The UCR Staff continued to keep the agencies trained in UCR and to 
provide assistance where needed. Agencies contributing to the UCR 
Program have increased from 102 agencies in 1975 to 129 in 1990. 

The UCR Section collects crime information from these 129 
agencies and publishes quarterly releases reflecting crime trends. 
In addition, this is the sixteenth annual report produced by the UCR 
Staff containing an in-depth analysis of all information collected in 
the UCR Program. It also includes for the second time the twelfth 
annual Maryland Battered Spouse Report. 



REPORTING PROCEDURES 



Under the Maryland UCR Program, law enforcement agencies are 
required to submit specified Uniform Crime Reports. The necessary 
information for each of the required reports is gathered from each 
agencies record of complaints, investigations and arrests. 



5 



Crime data and information is submitted by state, county, 
and municipal law enforcement agencies monthly on the number of 
offenses known to them in the following crime categories: 

(1) Criminal Homicide 

(2) Forcible Rape 

(3) Robbery 

(4) Assault 

(5) Breaking or Entering 

(6) Larceny 

(7) Motor Vehicle Theft 

(8) Arson* 

The count of offenses is taken from the record of complaints 
received by law enforcement agencies from victims, witnesses, other 
sources, or discovered by them during their own operation. Complaints 
determined by subsequent investigation to be unfounded are eliminated 
from the count. The resulting number of "actual offenses known to law 
enforcement agencies" in these crime categories are reported without 
regard for whether anyone is arrested, stolen property is recovered, 
local prosecutive policy or any other consideration. 

Reported offenses are recorded by the municipality and county 
in which they occur. Municipal law enforcement agencies report those 
crimes which occur within the cities and state or county agencies report 
those crimes which occur in the counties outside the cities. 

A supplemental report is also submitted each month showing the 
value of stolen and recovered property, the type of property, and the 
type of offense within a crime category in which it was taken. This report 
also shows the number of stolen vehicles recovered locally and by other 
jurisdictions. In addition, each agency reports the number of all persons 
arrested by them or other agencies for crimes which they have reported 
occurred within their jurisdiction. This report also shows the age, sex 
and race of the arrestees and the disposition of the juvenile arrestees 
by the arresting agency. When applicable supplemental reports are also 
submitted regarding the persons, weapons and circumstances, etc., involved 
in homicides and spousal or officer assaults. 

In addition, police employee data is collected on an annual 

basi s. 

VERIFICATION PROCESS 

An obvious concern in the collection of crime statistics 
for law enforcement agencies throughout the state is the uniformity 



*Monthly arson reports are submitted for law enforcement agencies by the 
State Fire Marshal's Office and designated county agencies. 



6 



and accuracy of data received. Program aides such as guides and 
instructions do not necessarily guarantee the accuracy and correctness 
of the reports submitted by the contributors. Therefore, additional 
controls are necessary. 

Each report received by the UCR Section is recorded, examined 
and verified for mathematical accuracy, and possibly more important, 
for reasonableness. The verification process includes numerous checks 
to ensure the validity of information. The elimination of duplication 
of reporting by individual contributors receives particular attention. 
Minor errors are corrected by telephone contact with the contributors. 
Substantial variations and errors are adjusted through personal contacts. 
The personal contacts are invaluable to the accuracy and quality of 
reporting. Field Representatives are engaged in a constant educational 
effort, and as such, provide a vital link between the UCR Program and the 
contri butor . 



POPULATION DATA 

The computation of crime rates as they appear in this report 
by municipality, county and state are based on the latest available 
population estimates for the year as provided by the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation through the cooperation and assistance of the United 
States Bureau of Census. 



LIMITATIONS OF A UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

Information currently collected by the Maryland Program is 
generally the same as that gathered by the National system, and the 
methods of classifying and scoring offenses and arrests are the same. 
This readily enables comparisons with other states and with the nation, 
as a whole. However, there are limitations to the information collected 
which should be clearly understood before any conclusions are drawn from 
the UCR data presented in this report. 

The main goal of the UCR Program is to furnish police admini- 
strators with a measure of their activities and operational problems as 
indicated by the number of reported offenses, arrests, clearances, and 
the like. 

A first step in the control of crime is to ascertain the 
true dimensions of the problem. However, present statistics as gather- 
ed by the UCR Program measure neither the real incidence of crime nor 
the full amount of economic loss to victims. Information regarding 
number of offenses and clearances is collected only for the eight 
Part I crimes. Value and type of property stolen and recovered data 
is requested only for property stolen in Part I offenses. For Part II 
offenses (except non-aggravated assault), the only information sub- 
mitted is the number of arrests for these crimes according to the age. 



7 



sex, and race of the subject. Consequently, there is no record of the 
actual number of these offenses occurring, nor is there a calculation 
made for property loss, as in cases of Part II theft offenses and 
vandal i sm. 

The Crime Index does not explicitly take into account the 
varying degrees of seriousness of its seven components. Each crime 
receives the same weight as it is added to the Index. Consequently, 
as auto theft is counted the same as a murder, and an aggravated 
assault is weighed equally with an attempted breaking or entering. 
Any review of crime must consider the volume, rate andtrend of each 
offense that comprises the Index and the relationship between these 
seven crimes*. 

The Maryland and National Uniform Crime Reporting Programs 
are designed to measure offenses committed and persons arrested, and 
difficulties can arise if this distinction is not kept clearly in 
mind. Crimes relate to events, but arrests relate to persons. Un- 
like traffic violations where there is usually one event with one 
violation and one offender, a single criminal act can involve several 
crimes, several offenders and several victims. Relating specific 
crimes to the criminal, or specific offenses to characteristics of 
those arrested, is generally beyond the scope of the present Uniform 
Crime Reporting system. 

Juvenile crime and arrest statistics, because of their 
nature, are another area of misunderstanding. Many juvenile offen- 
ders are handled informally and, as a consequence, inaccurate or 
incomplete recording of the event or action may result. Procedures 
for handling juveniles vary between departments more so than the 
handling of adult offenders. Furthermore, the degree of juvenile 
involvement in solved offenses is probably seriously misunderstood, 
because juvenile participation in clearances is recorded only when 
juveniles are exclusively involved. When both adults and juveniles 
are subjects in a clearance, the juvenile participation is not re- 
ported. 

The preceding comments should not be viewed as an indict- 
ment of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program which, admittedly, is 
designed for the operational requirements of law enforcement agencies. 
While current methods of gathering and reporting crime and arrest data 
provide a less than complete picture of criminality in our society, 
there is at present no other information system in general use that 
will more adequately perform this task. 



* Arson is not used at this time in computing the Crime Index. 



8 



MARYLAND UCR SYSTEM FLOW 



Field 
Liaison 
Unit 



Law 
Enforcement 
Agency 



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9 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 



Uniformity in reporting is based upon the proper classification 
of offenses. 

The adoption of the Federal System of UCR included the utilization 
of the offense classifications of that system. Law enforcement agencies of 
this State have made accurate application of those classifications in the 
reports submitted to the Maryland UCR System. 



OFFENSES IN UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 

Offenses in UCR are divided into two groupings designated as Part I 
and Part II offenses. Offense and arrest information is reported for the 
Part I offenses whereas only arrest information is reported for Part II offenses. 



The Part I offenses are as follows: 

1. CRIMINAL HOMICIDE 

The willful (nonnegl igent) killing of one person 
by another. 

Includes murder and all nonnegl igent manslaughter 
(except traffic fatalities) including cases involving 
possible legal justification or excuse, etc. for the 
killing such as self defense or insanity, etc. the 
willful killing of one person by another is being 
reported, not the liability, guilt or innocence, etc. 
The only justifiable or excusable homicide specifically 
identified in UCR is limited to the killing of a felon 
by a peace officer in the line of duty or during the 
commission of a felony by a private citizen. 

Excludes attempts/assaults to murder/kill (see aggrava- 
ted assault), accidental deaths (see manslaughter by 
negligence), suicides and traffic fatalities. 

2. RAPE 

Sexual intercourse with a female forcibly and against 
her will and attempts to commit same. Includes: 

a) Rape achieved by the use of a weapon, 
physical force, threat or placing the 
victim in fear, and 

b) Attempt/assault to rape. 



11 



Excludes statutory offenses (i.e. victim under the age of 
consent) unless against her will and a weapon, force, threat, 
fear or intimidation was involved; and other sex offenses, e.g. 
sodomy, indecent exposure or touching only, etc. 



3. ROBBERY 

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the 
care, custody or control of a person{s) by the use of a 
weapon, physical force, threat or placing the victim in fear. 

Includes holdup/stickup achieved by: 

a) Firearm 

b) Knife or other stabbing/cutting instrument 

c) Other dangerous weapon, and 

d) Strongarm-muggi ng/yol ki ng by physical force, 
attack or threat. 

Excludes pocket-picking, purse snatching and shoplifting, etc., 
in which the use of force or threat by the assailant and 
resistance, awareness or fear by the victim is absent (see 
1 arceny ) . 



4. AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Unlawful assault with a weapon or other means having the 
potential to cause death or serious injury and attempts to 
commit same, or without a weapon which results in serious 
injury. 

Includes attempts/assaults to murder/kill or seriously 
injure/maim such as the use or threatened use of 
dangerous/deadly weapons: 

a) Firearm 

b) Knife or other stabbing/cutting instrument and 

c) Other dangerous weapon including, but not limited 
to objects/instruments to club, beat, strike, choke 
or burn, and caustic, poisonous or explosive 
substances. 

d) Assaults with hands, fists, teeth, feet, etc. which 
result in serious injury, e.g. broken bones, 
unconsciousness, laceration requiring stitches, 
internal injuries, etc. 



12 



Excludes assaults with hands, fists, feet, etc. which 
result in minor injuries only, e.g. contusions, abrasions, 
small lacerations, etc., and with a weapon which lacks 
the potential to injure and no injury has resulted, e.g. 
pillow, water, magazine, empty container, toy, etc. (see 
other assaults-simple). 

BURGLARY 

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or 
theft. 

Includes: 

a) Forcible entry including the use of lock 
picks, plastic card, master key, unauthorized 
use of a key, etc. 

b) Unlawful entry-no force (trespass) through 
open or unlocked door, window, doorway, 
entrance, or into an area of restricted 
access, etc., and 

c) Attempted forcible entry. 

Excludes unlawful entry where no theft, felony or attempt 
was involved, e.g. by a vandal, homeless person, etc.; 
unlawful entry of a place which is not considered a 
structure for UCR purposes, e.g. boat, recreational vehicle, 
housetrai 1 er, tent, carport, pavilion, etc.; and lawful 
entry of a place of open access (see larceny from building 
and definition of a structure in UCR Handbook). 



LARCENY 

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the 
care, custody or control of a person(s) without their consent 
or knowledge. 

Includes: 

a) Pocket-picking 

b) Purse snatching 

c) Shoplifting 

d) From motor vehicle 

e) Of motor vehicle parts and accessories 



13 



f) Bicycles 

g) From buildings (without trespass) 

h) From coin operated device, and 

i) All other larceny not within above 
categories e.g. thefts from a boat, 
housetrai ler, tent, construction 
site, fenced enclosure, etc.; and 

of a boat, animal, construction/farm/ 
garden equipment or tools, lawn 
furniture, obtaining gas from a self 
service gas station without paying 
etc. 

Excludes thefts by means of embezzlement, forgery, 
counterfeiting, con games, false pretenses, bad checks, 
unauthorized use of credit and automatic teller machine 
cards, obtaining gas at a full service gas station without 
paying, failure to pay bills, etc. in which the thief is 
given, entrusted with or permitted to obtain their money 
or property by the victim. 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 

The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. 
Includes the taking of a: 

a) Car, automobile, taxi, etc. 

b) Truck, bus, van, recreational vehicle, 
motor home, etc., and 

c) Other vehicle, e.g. motorcycle, snow 
mobile, golf cart, go cart, etc. by 
a person not having lawful access to 
it. 

Excludes the unauthorized use or failure to return a vehicle 
by a person having lawful access to it, e.g. family members, 
friends, employee, vehicle leasee, etc. Also excludes takin 
machinery which is not a motor vehicle for UCR purposes, e.g 
boats, airplanes, f arm/construction/roadbui Iding equipment, 
etc. (see larceny and definition of a motor vehicle in UCR 
Handbook ) . 



14 



8. ARSON 



Any willful and/or malicious burning or attempt to burn 
a house, building, fence, vehicle, boat, aircraft, 
personal property, goods, lumber, timber, trees, crops, 
field, etc. 

Includes only fires, burnings and attempts which have 
been determined through qualified investigation to have 
been willfully and/or maliciously started by a person(s). 

Excludes fires, burnings and/or attempts which are of a 
suspicious nature, but as yet unknown or undetermined 
origin. 



THE PART II OFFENSES ARE AS FOLLOWS: 
9. OTHER ASSAULTS-SIMPLE 

Assaults or attempts which do not involve the use of a 
potentially harmful weapon and/or in which the victim 
does not sustain a serious injury. 



10. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING 

In this class are placed all offenses dealing with 
the making, altering, uttering or possessing, with 
intent to defraud, anything false in the semblance 
of that which is true. 

Includes making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting 
bills, notes, drafts, tickets, checks, credit cards, 
coins, etc. Possessing or uttering forged or counter- 
feited instruments. Signing the name of another or 
fictitious person with intent to defraud. Using forged 
labels. Selling goods with altered, forged or counter- 
feited trade-marks, etc. All attempts to commit the above. 



11. FRAUD 

Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or property 
by false pretenses. Includes bad checks, confidence 
games, etc., except forgeries and counterfeiting. 

12. EMBEZZLEMENT 

Misappropriation or misapplication of money or property 
entrusted to ones care, custody, or control. 



15 



13. STOLEN PROPERTY 



- BUYING, RECEIVING, POSSESSING 



Include in this class all offenses of buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property, as well as all attempts 
to commit any of these offenses. 



14. VANDALISM 

Vandalism consists of the willful or malicious destruction, 
injury, disfigurement, or defacement of any public or 
private property, real or personal, without consent of the 
owner or person having custody or control, by cutting, 
tearing, breaking, marking, painting, drawing, covering 
with filth, or any other such means as may be specified 
by local law. This offense covers a wide range of mali- 
cious behavior directed at property, such as; cutting auto 
tires, drawing obscene pictures on public restroom walls, 
smashing windows, destroying school records, tipping over 
gravestones, defacing library books, etc. Count all arrests 
for the above, including attempts. 

15. WEAPONS - CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC. 

This class deals with weapon offenses, regulatory in 
nature, such as: 

Manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons. 

Carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly. 

Using, manufacturing, etc., silencers. 

Furnishing deadly weapons to minors. 

Aliens possessing deadly weapons. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



16. PROSTITUTION AND COmERCIALIZED VICE 

Include in this class the sex offenses of a commercialized 
nature , such as: 

Prostitution. 

Keeping bawdy house, disorderly house, or house of ill 
fame. 

Pandering, procuring, transporting, or detaining women 
for immoral purposes, etc. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



16 



17. SEX OFFENSES 

Except forcible rape, prostitution and commercialized 
vice. 

Include offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, 
and the like, such as: 

Adultery and fornication 

Incest 

Indecent exposure, indecent liberties, etc. 

Intercourse with an insane, epileptic, or venerally 
diseased person. 

Sodomy, buggery or crime against nature. 
Statutory rape (no force) and seduction, etc. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 



18. DRUG ABUSE LAWS 

Drug abuse law arrests are requested on the basis of 
the narcotics used. Make the following subdivisions 
of drug abuse law arrests: 

Include all arrests for violations of state and local 
laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful 
possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing and 
making of narcotic drugs: 

a) Opium or cocaine and their derivatives 
(morphine, heroine, codeine). 

b) Marijuana 

c) Synthetic narcotics--manuf actured narcotics 
which can cause true drug addiction (demerol, 
methadones) . 

d) Dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, 
benzedri ne) . 



19. GAMBLING 

All charges which relate to promoting, permitting, or 
engaging in gambling are included in this category. 
To provide a more refined collection of gambling 



17 



arrests, the following breakdown of gambling arrests 
should be furnished; 

a) Bookmaking (horse and sport book). 

b) Numbers and lottery. 

c) All other. 

20. OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY AND CHILDREN 

Include here all charges of nonsupport and neglect or 
abuse of family and children, such as: 

Desertion, abandonment, nonsupport of wife or child 
or nonpayment of alimony. 

Neglect or abuse of child. (If injury is serious, 
score as aggravated assault). 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

21. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE 

This class is limited to the driving or operating of any 
vehicle or common carrier while drunk or under the 
influence of liquor or narcotics. Include: 

Operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated. 

Operating an engine, train, streetcar, boat, etc., while 
intoxicated. 

22. LIQUOR LAWS 

With the exception of "drunkenness" (Offense #23), and "driving 
under the influence" (Offense #21), liquor law violations, 
state or local are placed in this class. Include: 

Manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possessing, 
etc., intoxicating liquor. 

Maintaining unlawful drinking places. 

Advertising and soliciting orders for intoxicating liquor. 
Furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person. 
Using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor. 
Drinking on train or public conveyance. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 



18 



23. DRUNKENNESS 

Not reported in Maryland. 

24. DISORDERLY CONDUCT 

In this class are placed all charges of committing a breach 
of the public peace, safety or order, etc., such as: 

Disturbing the peace and disorderly conduct, etc. 

Disturbing meetings, religious services, hearings, etc. 

Disorderly conduct on buses, trains, planes, public 
conveyances, etc. 

Unlawful assembly, inciting to riot, riot, rout, etc. 
Profanity, obscene language, blasphemy, etc. 
All attempts to commit any of the above. 

25. VAGRANCY 

Include: 

a) Vagrancy 

b) Begging 

c) Loitering (persons 18 and over) 

26. ALL OTHER OFFENSES 

Include in this class every other state or local offense 
(except traffic violations) not included in offenses 
1 to 25, such as: 

Admitting minors to improper place. 
Abduction. 

Blackmail and extortion 
Bribery 

Contempt of court. 



19 



Di scrimi nation 
Kidnapping 

Marriage within prohibited degree. 

Offenses contributing to juvenile delinquency (except as 
provided for in offenses 1 to 28 inclusive), such as 
employment of children in immoral vocations or practices, 
admitting minors to improper place, etc. 

Perjury and subornation of perjury. 

Possession, repair, manufacture, etc., of burglar's 
tools. 

Possession or sale of obscene literature, pictures, etc. 

Public nuisances. 

Trespass 

Unlawfully bringing weapons into prisons or hospitals. 

Unlawfully bringing drugs or liquor into state prisons, 
hospitals, etc.; furnishing to convicts. 

Unlawful di si nternment of the dead and violation of 
sepulture. 

Unlawful use, possession, etc., of explosives. 

Violation of state regulatory laws and municipal 
ordinances (this does not include those offenses or 
regulations which belong in the above classes). 

Violation of quarantine. 

All offenses not otherwise classified. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



SUSPICION 

While "suspicion" is not an offense, it is the grounds 
for many arrests in those jurisdictions where the law 
permits. After examination by law enforcement officers, 
the prisoner is either formally charged or released. 
Those formally charged are entered in one of the Part I 
or II offense classes. This class is limited to "suspicion" 
arrests where persons arrested are released by the police. 



20 



28. 



CURFEW AND LOITERING LAWS - 



JUVENILES 



Count all arrests made by your department for violation 
of local curfew or loitering ordinances where such laws 
exist. 



29. RUN-AWAY - JUVENILES 

For the purpose of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 
report in this category apprehensions for protective 
custody as defined by your local statute. Count arrests 
made by other jurisdictions of run-aways from your 
jurisdiction. Do not include protective custody actions 
with respect to run-aways taken for other jurisdictions. 



21 



CRIME FACTORS 



statistics compiled under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
from data submitted by the law enforcement agencies of Maryland projects 
a statewide view of crime. Awareness of the presence of certain crime 
factors which may influence the resulting volume and type of statistics 
presented is necessary if fair and equitable conclusions are to be drawn. 
These crime influencing factors are present to some degree in every 
community, and their presence affects in varying degrees the crime 
experience of that community. Attempts at comparison of crime figures 
between communities should not be made without first considering the 
individual factors present in each community. 

Crime, as an outgrowth of society, remains a social problem of 
grave concern, and the police are limited in their role to its suppression 
and detection. As stated by the President's Commission on Law Enforcement 
and Administration of Criminal Justice in their report "The Challenge of 
Crime in a Free Society" (1967 - Page 92): 

"But the fact that the police deal daily with crime 
does not mean that they have unlimited power to 
prevent it, or reduce it, or deter it. The police 
did not create and cannot resolve the social condi- 
tions that stimulate crime. They did not start and 
cannot stop the convulsive social changes that are 
taking place in America. They do not enact the laws 
that they are required to enforce, nor do they dis- 
pose of the criminals they arrest. The police are 
only one part of the criminal justice system; the 
criminal justice system is only one part of the 
government; and the government is only one part of 
society. Insofar as crime is a social phenomenon, 
crime prevention is the responsibility of every part 
of society. The criminal process is limited to case 
by case operations, one criminal or one crime at a 
time". 

Set forth below are some of the conditions which affect the type 
and volume of crime that occurs from place to place: 

Density and size of the community population and the 
metropolitan area of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with particular reference 
to age, sex and race. 

Economic status of the population. 

Relative stability of the population including number 
and ratio of seasonal visitors/residents, commuters 
and other transients. 



23 



Climate and seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the 
local law enforcement agency, including the degree of 
adherence to crime reporting standards. 

Organization and cooperation of adjoining and overlapping 
police jurisdictions. 



24 



CRIME INDEX 



The tabulations presented in the tables, graphs, and charts 
in this publication indicate the volume and distribution of crime in 
Maryland on the basis of a Crime Index. The crime figures are broken 
down by agency, county, regional, and state totals. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is unknown, but 
those that are reported to law enforcement provide the first means of 
a count. Not all crimes are of sufficient importance to be significant 
in an index; and not all important crimes occur with enough regularity 
to be meaningful in an index. With these considerations in mind, the 
following crimes were selected to comprise the Crime Index as they are 
significant either by nature or frequency of occurrence: 

1. Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter 

2. Forcible Rape 

3. Robbery 

4. Aggravated Assault 

5. Breaking or Entering 

6. Larceny-Theft 

7. Motor Vehicle Theft 

8. Arson* 



CALCULATION OF RATES AND TRENDS 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program provides data for police 
executives to measure local problems. To facilitate this function, it 
is sometimes necessary to convert the data into rates, percentages or 
trends. The following guidelines are presented to demonstrate the 
methods involved in making these calculations and conversions. 



CRIME RATES 

One of the most meaningful crime statistics is the Crime Rate. 
This rate is the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. This rate 
can be calculated regardless of the number of inhabitants in your city 
or county. To compute rates, divide your city's population by 100,000 
and divide the number of offenses in each class by that answer. The 
answer is the number of offenses in each class per 100,000 and is your 
Crime Rate for that offense. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Population for your jurisdiction 75,000 

b) Number of burglaries for your 

jurisdiction for a year 215 



-i.'son statistics are not included in the Crime Index in this report. 



25 



Divide: 75,000 by 100,000 = .75 

Divide: 215 by .75 = 286.7 

Your burglary rate: 286.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 

The number of .75 can now be divided into your totals in 
any offense class to produce a Crime Rate for that offense. 

This same computation can be used to give you arrest rates 
per 100,000 inhabitants. 



CLEARANCE RATES 

The percentage of crimes cleared by arrest is obtained by 
dividing the number of offenses cleared by the number of actual offenses. 
This answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Number of clearances in robbery 38 

b) Number of actual robberies 72 
Divide: 38 by 72 = .528 
Multiply: .528 x 100 = 52.8 

Your percentage of clearance in robbery is 52.8%. 



PERCENTAGE OF CHANGE 

The method most commonly used to compare crime statistics for 
the current year with any prior year is the Percent of Change. This 
percent is calculated by subtracting the prior year's data from the current 
year's data and dividing the resulting figure by the prior year's data. The 
answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of this calculation is: 

a) Current year's murders 399 

b) Prior year's murders 350 
Subtract: 350 from 399 = 49 

Divide: 49 by 350 = .140 
Multiply: .140 X 100 = 14.0 
Your Percent of Change in murder is 14.0% increase. 



26 



MARYLAND 
OFFENSE DATA 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 



The crime counts set forth in this publication are actual 
offenses established by police investigation. When police receive 
a complaint of a crime and the follow-up investigation discloses no 
crime occurred, it is "unfounded". 

In 1990, police investigations "unfounded" 3 percent of 
the complaints concerning Index Offenses, ranging from 1 percent in 
the Aggravated Assault category to 15 percent in the Rape category 
as compared to 1989, when there was 1 percent "unfounded" in the 
Aggravated Assault category and 19 percent in the Rape category. 

A total of 19,278,779 actual Index Offenses were reported 
to law enforcement agencies in Maryland during the Calendar Year 1990. 
This represents an increase of 6.4 percent when compared to the 1989 
data which was comprised of a total 260,903 Crime Index Offenses. 

An analysis of Index Offenses by month in 1990 shows that 
August had the highest frequency of occurrence and February had the 
lowest. In 1989, August also had the highest frequency of occurrence 
and February the lowest. 

The Crime Index Offenses represent the most common problem 
to law enforcement. They are serious crimes by their nature, volume, 
or frequency of occurrence. They are categorized as Violent Crime, 
which includes Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery and Aggravated Assault, 
or as Property Crimes which includes Breaking or Entering, Larceny, 
and Motor Vehicle Theft. 



VIOLENT CRIME 

Violent Crimes involve the element of personal confrontation 
between the perpetrator and the victim. Because of their very nature 
Violent Crimes are considered more serious than Property Crimes. These 
offenses accounted for 16 percent of the total Crime Index for 1990. 
In 1989, Violent Crimes accounted for 15 percent of the total Crime Index. 

Analyzing the Violent Crimes by month reveals July had the 
greatest frequency of occurrence, while April had the lowest. In 1989, 
September had the highest frequency of occurrence and February had the 
lowest. 



29 



PROPERTY CRIMES 



The number of Property Crimes reported during 1990, was more 
than 6 times greater than the number of Violent Crimes reported. As 
a group. Property Crimes made up 84 percent of the total Crime Index. 
In 1989, Property Crimes made up 85 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis showed August had the highest frequency of 
occurrence and April had the lowest in 1990. In 1989 August had the high- 
est frequency of occurrence and February the lowest. 



RATES 

Crime Rates relate the incidence of crime to the resident 
population. Many other factors which may contribute to the volume 
and type of crime in a given jurisdiction are not incorporated here, 
but are shown in the section entitled "Crime Factors". 

In 1990 the Crime Rate for Maryland was 5,830.4 victims for 
every 100,000 population. This represents a 4.9 percent increase in 
the Crime Rate when compared to 1989 with 5,558.2 victims. 

The 1990 Crime Rate for the Violent Crime group was 919.5 
victims per 100,000 inhabitants, an 8 percent increase compared with the 
1989 rate of 854.6. The Property Crime group had a rate of 4,910.8 vic- 
tims, a 4 percent increase when compared to the 1989 rate of 4,703.7. 



CLEARANCES 

For Uniform Crime reporting purposes, a crime is cleared when 
police have identified the offender, have evidence to charge him and 
actually take him into custody. Solutions of crimes are also recorded 
in exceptional instances where some element beyond police control pre- 
cludes formal charges against the offender, such as the victim's re- 
fusal to prosecute or local prosecution is declined because the subject 
is being prosecuted elsewhere for a crime committed in another juris- 
diction. The arrest of one person can clear several crimes or several 
persons may be arrested in the process of solving one crime. 

Maryland Law Enforcement Agencies cleared 23 percent of all 
Index Offenses reported to them in 1990 and 1989. 

The Violent Crimes recorded a 47 percent clearance rate in 1990, 
as compared to 1989, with a 49 percent clearance rate. The Property 
Crime group experienced an 18 percent clearance rate in 1990 and 1989. 

Considered individually the 1990 Violent Crime clearance rate 
was determined to be 75 percent of the Murders, 61 percent of the Rapes, 
22 percent of the Robberies and 63 percent of the Aggravated Assaults. 
The Property Crime clearance rates were 16 percent for Breaking or 
Entering, 19 percent for Larceny and 16 percent for Motor Vehicle Theft. 



30 



The relatively high clearance rate for Violent Crimes as 
compared to Non-Violent Property Crimes is in part attributable to the 
volume difference between the two. Property Crime volume is much greater 
than that of Violent Crime and police investigation of Violent Crime is 
usually more intense. While the element of direct contact between the 
victim and perpetrator, as well as witness identification also contributes 
to this higher rate of solution for Violent Crime, stealth is involved to 
a greater degree in the Property Crimes. 



JUVENILE CLEARANCES 

A Juvenile clearance is the clearance of an offense in which 
all of the offenders involved were under the age of 18. If even one of 
the offenders was over 17 years of age, the clearance of that offense 
is not considered a Juvenile clearance. 

In 1990, such Juvenile clearances represented 18 percent of all 
clearances the same as in 1989. 

Juvenile clearances in the Violent Crime category represented 
11 percent of the total cleared in 1990 with 5 percent of all clearances 
in Homicide cases, 9 percent of those in Rape cases, 11 percent in Robbery 
cases and 11 percent in Aggravated Assault cases. Juvenile clearances 
were also 11 percent of all clearances in the Violent Crime category in 
1989. 

In the Property Crime category, clearances involving juvenile 
offenders represented 21 percent of the total cases cleared in 1990, 
with 16 percent of all clearances in Burglary cases, 20 percent of those 
in Larceny cases and 33 percent in Motor Vehicle Theft cases. Juvenile 
clearances were also 21 percent of all clearances in the Property Crime 
category in 1989. 



STOLEN PROPERTY VALUE 

The total value of Property Stolen during 1990 was $328,615,490 
which represents a 5 percent increase from 1989. Recovered Property 
amounted to $146,601,411 which is 45 percent of the total stolen, resulting 
in a $182,014,079 property loss to victims in the State of Maryland during 
1990. This property loss represents a 15 percent increase when compared 
to the property loss in 1989. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Stolen 


295 


329 


314 


320 


287 


226 


Recovered 


136 


147 


156 


154 


125 


101 



Val ue in Mi 1 1 ions 



31 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



NUMBER 
OF 

OFFENSES 



31000- - 



2900aL - 



27000U - 



25000- - 



23000- -'|, 



21000- - 



19000^- 



17000L.- 



15000 



CRIME INDEX OFFENES 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGES 



., 




•\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



32 



VIOLENT CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 

4500-1 

VIOLENT CRIME 1990 

4300- - 

5 YR. AVERAGE 




2700.. 

250o\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



33 



PROPERTY CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2400a 



23000L - 



22000- - 



21000L- 



2000 



NUMBER 190004. 
OF 



OFFENSES 



18000-- 



17000- - 



16000- - 



15000-- 



14000- - 



1300O. 



PROPERTY CRIME 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

M N T H S 



34 



STOLEN PROPERTY 

ANALYSIS OF VALUE STOLEN AND RECOVERED 



TYPE OF PROPERTY 


VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
STOLEN 


VALUE OF 
PROPERTY 
RECOVERED 


PERCENT OF 

VALUE 
RECOVERED 


Currency, Notes, Etc. 


$ 16,997,569 


$ 753,095 


4% 


Jewelry and Precious 
Metal s 


27,637,593 


2,058,514 


1% 


Clothing and Furs 


6,990,875 


1 ,132,493 


16% 


Locally Stolen Motor 
Vehicl es 


191 ,202,113 


133,638,514 


70% 


Office Equipment 


8,235,558 


479,864 


6% 


Televisions, Radios 
Cameras, Etc. 


23,081 ,776 


1 ,084,530 


5% 


Firearms 


1,712,424 


165,504 


10% 


Household Goods 


5,438,716 


303,322 


6% 


Consumable Goods 


2,201 ,865 


248,717 


11% 


Livestock 


98,162 


18,582 


19% 


Mi seel 1 aneous 


45,018,840 


6,718,276 


15% 


TOTAL 


328,615,491 


146,601,411 


45% 



35 



MURDER 



MURDER 



Murder is defined as the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one 
human being by another. As a general rule, any death due to a fight, 
argument, quarrel, assault, a commission of a crime is counted as a 
Murder. This offense is scored on the basis of police investigation 
without regard to the findings of a court or jury or the decision of a 
prosecutor. Assaults to Murder and Attempted Murders are counted as 
Aggravated Assaults. Suicide, accidental deaths and justifiable 
homicides are also excluded. 



VOLUME 

In 1990, a total of 552 Murders were reported to law enforce- 
ment agencies in Maryland. This compares to 540 Murders in 1989 and 
represents an increase of 2 percent. Murder accounted for 1 percent of 
the total Violent Crime Category and .2 percent of the total Crime Index. 



RATE 

In 1990, there were 11.5 victims of Murder for every 100,000 
residents in Maryland, the same as in 1989. 



NATURE 

In 1990, firearms predominated as the weapon most often used 
in the commission of Murder in Maryland, representing 67 percent of the 
total. This compares to 62 percent of the total during 1989, 61 percent 
of the total Murders were committed with handguns, while 19 percent were 
committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 4 percent with a shotgun, 
7 percent with personal weapons and 6 percent with other dangerous 
weapons. In 1989, 52 percent of the total Murders were committed with a 
handgun, 17 percent were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 
6 percent with a shotgun, 8 percent with personal weapons and 13 percent 
with other dangerous weapons. 

Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 12 percent of 
the total Murders, narcotic related Murders represented 30 percent. In 28 
percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not determined at the time 
of the reports. In 1989, Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 
11 percent of the total Murders, while narcotic related Murders represented 
30 percent. In 34 percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not deter- 
mined at the time of the report. 



38 



The largest number of Murders (118) occurred in the 20-24 age 
group, which represented 21 percent of the total. In 1989, the largest 
number of Murders (107) also occurred in the 20-24 age group, which re- 
presented 20 percent of the total . 



CLEARANCES 

In 1990, 75 percent of all Murders were cleared with 5 percent 
of the total solved involving only juveniles. This compares to 1989 with 
a 71 percent clearance rate and 5 percent of the total cleared involving 
only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

A total of 577 persons were arrested in Maryland for Murders 
during 1990. In 1989, 471 persons were arrested for Murder. 

Of this total, 90 percent were males and 10 percent females. 84 
percent of the total were black while 15 percent were white. 86 percent 
were adults and 14 percent were juveniles. 



39 



MURDER 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



70. 
65^ 
60-- 



30-- 



25-- 
20-- 
15-- 
10-- 



MURDER 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




-\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 V 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



40 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 





5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


RAPE 


3 


1 


7 


2 


2 


1 


ROBBERY 


55 


67 


57 


39 


57 


53 


BURGLARY 


2 


1 


4 


1 


2 


3 


ARSON 


4 





4 


7 


6 


1 


LARCENY 


1 


2 





1 








PROSTITUTION 


1 








1 


2 





OTHER SEX OFFENSES 


1 


4 





1 





1 


NARCOTIC DRUG LAWS 


118 


166 


161 


117 


80 


65 


LOVER'S TRIANGLE 


13 


12 


9 


10 


16 


16 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 
OF ALCOHOL 


8 


4 


9 


7 


14 


7 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 
OF DRUGS 


1 





3 


2 


1 


1 


CHILD KILLED BY BABYSITTER 


2 


2 


3 


1 


2 


2 


INSTITUTIONAL KILLINGS 


1 


1 


1 








1 


ARGUMENTS 


42 


76 


42 


32 


33 


26 


OTHER 


42 


62 


bi* 


34 


20 


34 


UNKNOWN 


186 


154 


181 


197 


210 


188 


TOTAL 


478 


552 


540 


452 


445 


399 



41 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 





PERCENT 
DTSTRTR 


5 YEAR 

AVFQARF 

r\ V AMUL. 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


HANDGUN 


61 .5% 


256 


339 


282 


241 


214 


204 


BLUNT OBJECT 


4.3% 


28 


24 


38 


24 


28 


24 


RIFLE 


1 .4% 


13 


8 


20 


12 


13 


10 


SHOTGUN 


3.8% 


26 


21 


34 


30 


23 


21 


KNIFE 


19.4% 


93 


107 


92 


84 


97 


83 


PERSONAL 


6.2% 


29 


34 


42 


22 


28 


21 


ALL OTHERS 


3.4% 


34 


19 


32 


39 


42 


36 


TOTAL 


100.0% 


478 


552 


540 


452 


445 


399 



42 



RAPE 




RAPE 



Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and 
against her will. In Uniform Crime Reporting, Rape is divided 
into two categories: (1) Rape by Force, (2) Attempt to commit 
Forcible Rape. Statutory Rape or the carnal knowledge of a 
female with no force used and where the victim is under the legal 
age of consent, as well as other sex offenses, are not included 
in this category. 



VOLUME 

During 1990, 2,185 Forcible Rapes were reported to Maryland 
Law Enforcement Agencies. This compares to 1,783 Rapes during 1989 
and results in a 23 percent increase. 

Rape accounted for 5 percent of the Violent Crimes and .8 
percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of August showed the highest frequency of Rapes, 
while December showed the lowest. In 1989, June had the highest 
frequency and January showed the lowest. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


FORCE 


1,521 


1,781 


1,435 


1,368 


1,485 


1,538 


ATTEMPT 


385 


404 


348 


353 


409 


409 


TOTAL 


1,906 


2.185 


1,783 


1,721 


1,894 


1,947 



RATE 

In 1990, 45.7 rapes were reported per 100,000 population 
as compared to 1989 when 38.0 rapes were reported per 100,000 popu- 
lation resulting in a 20 percent increase in the rate of reported rapes. 



44 



NATURE 



During 1990, 82 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by 
Force while 18 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible 
Rape. In 1989, 80 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by Force 
while 20 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible Rape. 



CLEARANCES 



In calendar year 1990, 61 percent of the total number of Rapes 
were cleared with 9 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 
In 1989, 59 percent of the total Rapes were cleared and 12 percent of the 
total cleared involved only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 



In 1990, there were 1,018 persons arrested for Rape in Maryland, 
In 1989, 869 persons were arrested for Rape. 

84 percent of the total number were 18 years of age or older, 
while the remaining 16 percent were juveniles. 66 percent of the total 
were black and 34 percent white. 



45 



RAPE 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



24a 




looj 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



46 



ROBBERY 




ROBBERY 



Robbery is defined as the taking, or attempting to take any- 
thing of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons 
by force or threat of force or violence and/or putting the victim in 
fear. The element of personal confrontation is always present in this 
crime. Under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, all attempts to commit 
Robbery are included. Robberies are reported in four general categories - 
firearms; knife or cutting instrument; other dangerous weapons; and hands, 
fists, feet, etc. As a general rule. Robbery differs from Larceny in that 
it is aggravated by the element of force or threat of force. 

Robbery, as a crime of Violence, has a serious impact on the 
victim. In many instances serious injury results. Many times, with or 
without physical injury, the victim suffers mental anguish. Such damage 
is immeasurable. 



VOLUME 



During 1990, there were 17,393 actual Robbery offenses reported 
to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In 1989, there were 15,584 robberies, 
which results in an increase of 12 percent. 

Robbery accounted for 40 percent of the Violent Crime category 
and 6 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly comparison reveals that December had the highest fre- 
quency of Robberies while May had the lowest frequency. In 1989, December 
had the highest frequency and April the lowest. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Firearm 


6,453 


8,700 


6,777 


5,734 


5,357 


5,696 


Knife 


1,214 


1,243 


1,304 


1,281 


1,152 


1,091 


Strong-arm 


6,034 


6,239 


6,373 


5,931 


5,876 


5,752 


Other 


1,079 


1,211 


1,130 


1,045 


978 


1,031 


Total 


14,780 


17,393 


15,584 


13,991 


13,363 


13,570 



48 



RATE 



In 1990, Robbery Rate was 363.8 per 100,000 inhabitants. This 
compares to a rate of 332.0 per 100,000 population in 1989 and results in 
a 10 percent increase in the Robbery Rate. 



NATURE 

During 1990, 62 percent of the Robberies were committed on the 
street, while only 1 percent were Bank Robberies. In 1989, 58 percent of 
the Robberies were committed on the street while 1 percent were Bank 
Robberies. 

Bank Robberies accounted for the highest average value loss, 
$3,775 in 1990. The average value loss for total Robberies were $760. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 64 percent of the Rob- 
bery offenses while 36 percent were muggings or strong-arm Robberies. 
This compares to 1989, when 59 percent involved Armed Robberies and 41 
percent were strong-arm. 

An analysis of Armed Robbery by type of weapon indicates that 
the use of firearms was predominate, accounting for 78 percent of all 
Armed Robberies. Knives or cutting instruments made up 11 percent while 
other dangerous weapons accounted for 11 percent of all Armed Robberies. 
In 1989, 74 percent of the total Armed Robberies were committed with fire- 
arms, 14 percent with knives or cutting instruments and 12 percent with 
other dangerous weapons. 



CLEARANCES 



In 1S90, 22 percent of the total number of Robberies were cleared 
with 11 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. In 1989, 25 
percent of the Robberies were cleared and 10 percent involved only juveniles. 

19 percent of the Armed Robberies were cleared with 7 percent of 
the total solved involving only juveniles. 27 percent of the strong-arm 
Robberies were cleared and 15 percent involved only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

3,923 persons were arrested for Robbery in Maryland during 1990. 
In 1989, 3,709 persons were arrested for Robbery. 

78 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Robbery 
were adults, while the remaining 22 percent were juveniles. 

84 percent of the total persons arrested were black and 16 per- 
cent were white. 94 percent were males and 6 percent females. 



49 



ROBBERY 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



2ooa 



1900L- 
1800u- 
1700L- 
160o4r 

\ 

NUMBER 1500-1- \ 
OF 



OFFENSES 



1400- - 



1300- - 



1200- - 



1100-- 



1000-- 



900- 



ROBBERY 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




, .■■•<""""' 




■\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 H 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



50 



ROBBERY 

DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 


NUMBER 
OF 

OFFENSES 


PERCENT 
OF 

DISTRIB. 


TOTAL 
VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


AVERAGE 

VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


HIGHWAY 


10,729 


61.7% 


$ 4,290,133 


$ 400 


COMMERCIAL HOUSE 


2,623 


15.1% 


4,922,041 


1,876 


SERVICE STATION 


315 


1.8% 


260,059 


826 


CONVENIENCE STORE 


594 


3.4% 


459,490 


774 


RESIDENCE 


1,964 


11.3% 


1,956,511 


996 


BANK 


190 


1.1% 


717,227 


3,775 


MISCELLANEOUS 


978 


5.6% 


617,723 


632 


TOTAL 


17,393 


100.0% 


$13,223,184 


$ 760 



51 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for 
the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type 
of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely 
to produce death or serious bodily harm. Attempts are included since it 
is not necessary that any injury result when a gun, knife, or other weapon 
is used which would result in serious personal injury if the crime were 
successfully completed. Also included in this category are all attempted 
Murders . 

Any assault in which hands, fists and feet are used with no 
serious injury to the victim results, is classified as a simple assault 
which falls into the Part II category, and is not included as a Crime 
Index Offense. 



VOLUnE 

During 1990, a total of 23,837 Aggravated Assaults were reported 
to Maryland Law Enforcement Agencies. In comparison, there were 22,206 
Aggravated Assaults in 1989, resulting in a 7 percent increase. 

Aggravated Assault made up 54 percent of the Violent Crime cat- 
egory and 9 percent of the total Crime Index. Aggravated Spousal Assaults 
accounted for 12.5 percent of the total Aggravated Assaults reported during 
1990 and 12.9 percent in 1989. 

The month of July had the highest frequency of Aggravated Assaults 
occurring, while December had the lowest. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Fi rearm 


4,937 


5,298 


4,876 


5,109 


4,566 


4,835 


Knife 


4,629 


5,135 


4,492 


4,598 


4,335 


4,583 


Other 


8,242 


9,218 


8,605 


8,076 


7,453 


7,860 


Hands, etc 


. 3,823 


4,186 


4,233 


3,507 


3,243 


3,948 


Total 


21 ,631 


23,837 


22,206 


21 ,290 


19,597 


21,226 



54 



RATE 



For each 100,000 persons in Maryland during 1990, there were 
498.5 victims of Aggravated Assault. During 1989, there were 473.1 
Aggravated Assault victims per 100,000 population. A comparison of 
the two years results in a 5 percent increase. 



NATURE 

In 1990, 22 percent of the Aggravated Assaults were committed 
with the use of a firearm. A knife or cutting instrument was used in 
21 percent of Assaults and 39 percent were committed with other dangerous 
weapons. The remaining 18 percent were committed with personal weapons, 
such as hands, fists, feet, etc. These figures compared to 1989, are 22 
percent of Aggravated Assaults committed with a firearm, 20 percent with 
a knife or cutting instrument, 39 percent with other dangerous weapons, 
and 19 percent with personal weapons. 



CLEARANCES 

62 percent of the total number of Aggravated Assaults were 
cleared with 11 percent of the total clearances involving only juveniles. 
As compared to 1989, 64 percent of the total were cleared, and of those 
cleared, 7 percent involved only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 7,932 arrests for Aggravated Assaults in Maryland 
during 1990. In 1989, 6,831 persons were arrested. 

80 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Aggra- 
vated Assault were adults, while 20 percent were juveniles. 57 percent of 
the total were black and 42 percent white. 83 percent of the total were 
males, while 17 percent were females. 



55 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



260a 



2500-- 
2400-- 
2300L- 
2200L- 
2100L- 

NUMBER 

OF 2000- - 
OFFENSES 

1900-- 
>■■ 

1800L- 
1700-- 
1600L- 
1500- - 



1400 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




l' 



H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



56 



BREAKING 
OR ENTERING 




BREAKING OR ENTERING 



Breaking or Entering is defined as the unlawful entry of a 
structure to commit a felony or a theft. 

Data collection of this offense is further categorized as 
forcible entries, unlawful entries where no force is used and attempted 
forcible entries. 



As with other property crimes, the motive of personal gain 
coupled with the element of opportunity results in the commission of 
this offense by both the amateur and the professional perpetrator. 
The absence of confrontation with and use of force against the person 
of the victim separates this crime from Robbery of the Violent Crime 
group. 

The volume of this offense presents the police with a serious 
enforcement problem made more difficult in many areas by the lack of 
sufficient personnel to act as a deterrent and to provide successful 
solutions to these crimes. 



VOLUME 



In 1990, a total of 53,537 Breaking or Enterings were reported 
to Maryland Law Enforcement Agencies. In comparison, there were 52,698 
Breaking or Enterings in 1989 resulting in a 2 percent increase. 

Breaking or Enterings made up 23 percent of the Property Crime 
category and 19 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis reveals that August had the highest frequency 
of occurrence while April had the lowest frequency. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Forcible 


39,229 


38,948 


38,434 


40,013 


38,178 


40,572 


No Force 


8,833 


8,709 


8,702 


8,736 


9,075 


8,943 


Attempt 


5,889 


5,880 


5,562 


5,947 


5,973 


6,081 


Total 


53,951 


53,537 


52,698 


54,696 


53,226 


55,596 



58 



RATE 



The Breaking or Entering rate was 1,119.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 
of Maryland during 1990. In 1989, there were 1122.7 Breaking or Entering 
Offenses per 100,000 population. In comparison, this results in a .3 percent 
decrease in the Breaking or Entering Rate. 



NATURE 

In both 1990 and 1989, 73 percent of the Breaking or Enterings 
involved forcible entry, 16 percent were unlawful entries without force 
and 11 percent were recorded as attempted forcible entries. 

64 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed of a 
residential structure while 36 percent were committed of a nonresidential 
structure in 1990, compared to 66 percent of a residential structure and 
34 percent of a nonresidential structure in 1989. 

The average dollar value loss for Breaking or Entering was 
$1,052. This compares to 1989 with $1,039 and results in a 1 percent 
increase. 



CLEARANCES 

In 1990, law enforcement agencies in Maryland were successful 
in clearing 16 percent of the total Breaking or Entering Offenses of which 
16 percent involved only juveniles. During 1989, police cleared 18 percent 
of the total Breaking or Enterings with 16 percent of that number involving 
only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1990, there were 10,638 persons arrested in Maryland for 
Breaking or Entering. In 1989, 10,882 persons were arrested for Breaking 
or Entering. 

75 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Breaking 
or Entering were adults, while 25 percent were juveniles. 45 percent of the 
total were white, 54 percent were black. 92 percent of the total were males, 
while the remaining 8 percent were females. 



59 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



6000. 
58004. 
5600u- 
5400u- 



NUMBER 



OF 



OFFENSES 



3600-- 
3400-- 
3200- - 



3000. 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




-{ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



60 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 

DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 


NUMBER 
OF 

OFFENSES 


PERCENT 
OF 

DISTRIB. 


TOTAL 
VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


AVERAGE 

VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


RESIDENCE TOTAL 


34,001 


63. 


5% 


$35,715,765 


$1 ,050 


Night 


9,281 


17. 


3% 


6,515,910 


702 


Dav 


11 ,512 


21. 


5% 


13,136,408 


1 ,141 


Unknown 


13,208 


24. 


1% 


16,063,447 


1,216 


NONRESIDENTIAL TOTAL 


19,536 


36. 


5% 


20,625,727 


1,056 


Night 


7,424 


13. 


9% 


7,609,636 


1,025 


Day 


2,600 


4. 


Wo 


1,745,674 


672 


Unknown 


9,512 


17. 


8% 


11,270,417 


1,185 


GRAND TOTAL 


53,537 


100. 


0% 


$56,341,492 


$1,052 



61 

1 



LARCENY 




LARCENY 



Larceny-Theft is defined as the unlawful taking, carrying, 
leading or riding away of property from the possession or constructive 
possession of another. It includes such crimes as pocket-picking, 
shoplifting, purse snatching, thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts 
and accessories, bicycle theft, etc. In the UCR Program, this category 
does not include embezzlement, fraud, forgery, and worthless checks. 
Motor Vehicle Theft, being a special problem, is a separate Crime Index 
Offense and is not reported in the Larceny-Theft category. 

Clearance of Larceny Offenses by police arrest are dramatically 
affected by the nature of the crime. As with other Property Crimes, 
opportunity and stealth working in favor of the perpetrator and against 
police detection reduce clearances for this offense. 

As with other Offenses Against Property, Larceny is primarily 
a crime of opportunity. Types of Larcenies will differ in volume 
depending upon the opportunity for theft offered in a given area. 

The average dollar loss in this category was $494 as compared 
to 1989 with an average loss of $464 resulting in a 6 percent increase. 
Only a small amount of goods stolen are recovered and returned to 
victims due to the low clearance rate and lack of specific identifica- 
tion characteristics on the property. In addition, many offenses in 
this category, particularly where the value of goods stolen is small, 
never come to police attention. 



VOLUME 

In 1990, there were 147,390 offenses of Larceny-Theft reported 
as compared to 1989 with 136,929 offenses resulting in an 8 percent 
increase. Larceny-Theft made up 53 percent of the Crime Index Total and 
63 percent of the Property Crime Total. 

August had the highest frequency of Larceny Offenses in a 
monthly analysis while February had the lowest. 



RATE 

The Larceny Crime Rate was 3082.5 per 100,000 inhabitants of 
Maryland during 1990. In 1989, there were 2917.1 Larcenies per 100,000 
population resulting in a 6 percent increase in the Larceny Rate. 



64 



NATURE 



Larcenies from Autos recorded the highest percentage during 
both 1990 and 1989 with 22 percent of the total Larcenies reported 
in this category and Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with .5 
percent of the total . 



CLEARANCES 

In 1990, law enforcement agencies cleared 19 percent of the 
total Larceny-Theft Offenses of which 20 percent of the total clearances 
involved only juveniles. In 1989, police cleared 20 percent of the total 
Larceny Offenses with 20 percent of that number involving only juveniles. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 28,773 persons arrested for Larceny in Maryland 
during 1990. In 1989, 27,971 persons were arrested for Larceny. 

27 percent of the total persons arrested for Larceny were 

under 18 years of age. Females comprised 27 percent of all arrests 

for Larceny and had a greater involvement in this offense than any 
other Crime Index Offenses. 

55 percent of all persons arrested for Larceny were black, 
44 percent were white and 1 percent of other races. 



65 



LARCENY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



i70oa 



16000- - 
15000- - 
14000- - 
1300c4- 

NUMBER 

OF 12000-Pi 
OFFENSES 

110004- 



10000- - 



900a.- 



8000-. 



7000. 



LARCENY 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



66 



LARCENY 

5 YEAR TREND 





5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


POCKET-PICKING 


797 


734 


862 


803 


778 


806 


PURSE SNATCHING 


1,735 


1,749 


1,851 


1,736 


1 ,619 


1,718 


SHOPLIFTING 


19,111 


21,227 


19,842 


19,212 


18,102 


17,171 


FROM AUTOS 


28,892 


32,131 


29,192 


29,809 


28,460 


24,867 


AUTO PARTS & 
ACCESSORIES 


28,983 


30,112 


26,410 


29,295 


29,384 


29,714 


BICYCLES 


6,559 


6,980 


5,958 


5,951 


6,465 


7,442 


FROM BUILDINGS 


25,723 


24,798 


25,335 


26,064 


26,346 


26,073 


COIN OPERATED 
MACHINES 


1 ,888 


2,036 


1,454 


2,057 


2,079 


1,816 


ALL OTHERS 


25,412 


27,623 


26,025 


26,489 


23,631 


23,292 


TOTAL 


139,100 


147,390 


136,929 


141 ,416 


136,864 


132,899 



67 



MOTOR VEHICLE 

THEFT 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



Motor Vehicle Theft is defined as the theft or attempted theft 
of a motor vehicle. This definition excludes taking a motor vehicle for 
temporary use, such as a family situation or unauthorized use by others 
having lawful access to the vehicle, such as chauffeurs, etc. 

The crime of Motor Vehicle Theft has been labeled primarily as 
a crime of opportunity. The youthful offender finds the motor vehicle 
easily accessible for transportation for any purpose. The remaining thefts 
are mainly for the purpose of resale, theft of parts and for use in committing 
other crimes. 



VOLUME 

In 1990, there were 33,885 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported to law 
enforcement agencies in the State of Maryland. This is a 9 percent in- 
crease when compared to the 31,163 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported in 1989. 
Motor Vehicle Theft makes up 14 percent of the Property Offense category 
and 12 percent of the Index Offenses. 

A monthly analysis for 1990 indicates that more motor vehicles 
were stolen during October than other months and April showed the fewest 
being stolen. 

5 YEAR TREND 





5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Auto 


2S,511 


26,656 


24,802 


25,267 


21,556 


19,272 


Truck 


3,585 


4,970 


4,320 


3,632 


2,702 


2,299 


Other 


2,304 


2,259 


2,041 


2,299 


2,161 


2,760 


Total 


29,399 


33,885 


31,163 


31,198 


26,419 


24,331 



The 1990 Motor Vehicle Theft Rate of 708.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 
is 7 percent higher than the rate of 663.9 per 100,000 inhabitants for 1989. 



70 



NATURE 



Automobiles accounted for 78 percent of the total number of 
vehicles stolen during 1990. Trucks and buses made up 15 percent and 
other motor vehicles comprised 7 percent of the total. In comparison, 
automobiles accounted for 80 percent, trucks and buses 14 percent and 
other motor vehicles 6 percent in 1989. 

70 percent of the value of stolen vehicles was reported as 
recovered. This is a 6 percent decrease when compared to 76 percent 
reported as recovered in 1989. 



5 YEAR TREND 
(Value in Millions) 

5 YEAR 





AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Stolen 


171 


191 


190 


192 


163 


120 


Recovered 


125 


134 


145 


144 


110 


91 



CLEARANCES 



In 1990, law enforcement agencies cleared 16 percent of the Motor 
Vehicle Thefts compared to 17 percent in 1989. 

33 percent of the total clearances for Motor Vehicle Theft involved 
only juvenile offenders during both 1990 and 1989. 

PERSONS ARRESTED 



7,070 persons were arrested in Maryland for Motor Vehicle Theft 
during 1990. In 1989, 7,128 persons were arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft. 

Of the total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft, 47 percent 
were adults and 53 percent juveniles, 23 percent were white and 77 percent 
black, and 92 percent were males and 8 percent females. 



71 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



340a 



3300-- 
3200-- 



3000- 



NUMBER 

OF 2700+ 
OFFENSES 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 1990 
5 YR. AVERAGE 




2000. 



^ — I — I — I — I — I — I — I — I — h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



72 



ARSON 



Arson is defined as any willful or malicious burning or attempt 
to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public 
building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc. 
Only fires determined through qualified investigation to have been 
willfully or maliciously set are classified as Arsons. Fires of suspicious 
or unknown origin are excluded. 

According to UCR procedures in multiple offense situations, only 
one crime is reported on the basis of an established hierarchy. This is 
known as the Hierarchy Rule. Arson is an exception to this rule. Other- 
wise, if a Breaking or Entering and Arson occurred at the same time and 
place, only the Breaking or Entering would be reported. Therefore when 
occurring in conjunction with another crime, an Arson is also reported in 
addition to the other crime. 



VOLUME 

In 1990, there were 2,740 Arsons reported. This is a 6 percent 
increase when compared to the 2,581 Arsons reported in 1989. 

A monthly analysis indicates November had the highest frequency 
of occurrence, while February had the lowest. 



NATURE 

The most frequent type of property subject to Arson in 1990 were 
structures comprising 49 percent of the total reported incidents. Mobile 
(motor vehicles, trailers, airplanes, boats, etc.) and other property 
(crops, timber, fences, signs, etc.) accounted for the remaining offenses 
with 28 and 23 percent respectively. 

Residences comprised 57 percent of the structures at which Arsons 
were directed. 21 percent of all targeted structural property was un- 
inhabited or abandoned at the time the Arson occurred. 

The estimated value of property damaged as a result of reported 
Arsons during 1990, was over 28 million dollars with an average loss per 
incident of $10,237. 



74 



CLEARANCE 



17 percent of all reported Arsons were cleared by arrest or 
exceptional means in 1990. In 1989, 21 percent of Arsons were cleared. 

47 percent of the total clearances of Arson involved only 
juveniles during 1990, compared to 37 percent in 1989. 



PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1990, there were 555 persons arrested in Maryland for Arson. 
In 1989, 562 persons were arrested for Arson. 

42 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Arson 
were adults while 58 percent were juveniles. 65 percent of the total 
were white, 34 percent were black and 1 percent were other races. 88 
percent of the total were males while the remaining 12 percent were 
females. 



75 



ARSON 

VOLUME BY MONTH 



400. 



350-- 



300-- 



150^- 



100 



ARSON 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




4 1 1 1 1 1 h 



^ — h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Mov Dec 



MONTHS 



76 



ARSON 

DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF PROPERTY 



• NUMBER PERCENT AVERAGE PERCENT 

CLASSIFICATION OF OF VALUE CLEARED 

OFFENSES DISTRIB. (DOLLARS) 



TOTAL STRUCTURAL 


1,357 


49 


.5% 


$ 16,721 


24% 


Single Occupancy Residential 


537 


19 


.6% 


18,094 


29% 


Other Residential 


239 


8 


.7% 


6,316 


23% 


Storage 


170 


6 


.2% 


20,358 


11% 


Industri al /Manuf acturi ng 


17 




.6% 


186,930 


18% 


Other Commercial 


154 


5, 


.6% 


17,032 


12% 


Communi ty/Publ ic 


173 


6. 


.3% 


6,019 


38% 


All Other Structures 


67 


2. 


,5% 


17,342 


8% 


TOTAL MOBILE 


758 


27. 


7% 


6,584 


8% 


Motor Vehicles 


681 


24. 


9% 


3,641 


8% 


Other Mobile Property 


77 


2. 


8% 


32,614 


9% 


OTHER 


625 


22. 


87o 


590 


15% 


TOTAL 


2,740 


100. 


0% 


$10,237 


17% 



77 



BATTERED 
SPOUSE 



BATTERED SPOUSE 



INTRODUCTION 

The Maryland Battered Spouse Program was established 
through House Joint Resolution 32 which was introduced by Delegat 
Pauline Menes, requesting the Maryland State Police to maintain 
certain information on complaints of domestic assaults. The 
statistics in this report were collected from January 1, 1990 
through December 31, 1990. 



DEFINITION 

A Battered Spouse in the Maryland Uniform Crime Report 
(UCR) Program is considered to be: 

1. A married person living with their spouse 
upon whom an aggravated or non-aggravated 
assault was committed by their mate. 

2. A married person estranged from their spouse 
upon whom an aggravated or non-aggravated 
assault was committed by their mate. 

3. A male and female not married to each other 
and who are living together or had lived 
together at some time, upon whom an aggravated 
or non-aggravated assault was committed by 
their mate. 



REPORTING PROCEDURES 

The Battered Spouse Report is part of the Uniform Crime 
Reports which are submitted monthly to Maryland State Police by 
129 police agencies. 

Under the Maryland Battered Spouse Program, law enforce 
ment agencies are required to submit a specified Battered Spouse 
Report. The necessary information for this report is gathered 
monthly from each agencies record of complaints, investigations, 
and arrests. The UCR Field Representative provide assistance and 
training to law enforcement agencies in the completion of this 
report. 



80 



CLASSIFICATION 



Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon 
another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily 
injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of 
a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary that an injury result 
when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which would result in 
serious personal injury if the crimes were successfully completed. 
An assault in which hands, fists and feet are used, and severe 
personal injury to the victim results, is also classified as an aggra- 
vated assault. 

Any assault in which hands, fists, and feet are used and no 
serious injury to the victim results, is classified as a non-aggra- 
vated assault. 



LIMITATIONS OF A BATTERED SPOUSE REPORTING PROGRAM 

The main goal of the Maryland Battered Spouse Program is to 
furnish legislature with statistics on Battered Spouses. However, there 
are limitations to the information collected which should be clearly 
understood before any conclusions are drawn from the data presented in 
this report. 

Domestic Assaults of a non-aggravated nature are many times 
handled informally and, as a consequence, incomplete or inaccurate 
recording of the event may result. Procedures for handling non-aggra- 
vated domestic assaults vary between departments. 

Non-aggravated domestic assaults in some instances are taken 
directly to the court system and are not reported to a police department. 
This varies depending upon the county in which the assault occurs. 

While the current method of collecting Battered Spouse informa- 
tion for this report provides less than a complete picture, there is at 
present, no other informational system in general use gathering these 
statistics from police agencies that will more accurately perform this 
task . 



81 



DAY OF WEEK 



50% of the Spousal Assaults reported in 1990 occurred on 
Friday, Saturday and Sunday with 14% occurring on Friday, 18% on 
Saturday and 18% on Sunday. 



5 YEAR TREND 

1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 

Monday 2,240 1,999 1,911 1,881 1,918 

Tuesday 1,932 1,901 1,865 1,684 1,770 

Wednesday 1,962 1,756 1,704 1,725 1,820 

Thursday 2,023 1,662 1,771 1,804 1,804 

Friday 2,173 2,121 1,983 1,900 2,062 

Saturday 2,897 2,568 2,568 2,487 2,665 

Sunday 2,919 2,774 2,701 2,626 2,749 

TOTAL 16,146 14,781 14,521 14,107 14,788 



Analysis: 50% of the Spousal Assaults reported in the 
last five years have consistently occurred 
during the three day period, Friday through 
Sunday. 



82 



^VOLUME 



A total of 16,146 spousal assaults were reported to Law Enforce- 
ment Agencies during 1990. This represents an increase of 9.2% when com- 
pared to 1989. Spousal Assaults were 19.2% of the 84,080 total assaults 
reported to UCR in 1990. 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



MONTH 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1957 


1986 


January 


1 ,261 


1 ,124 


1 ,084 


1 ,089 


1 ,034 


February 


1 ,197 


1 ,005 


1 ,016 


1 ,017 


978 


March 


1 ,330 


1 ,168 


1 ,140 


1 ,209 


1 ,205 


A r> 1 

Mpn 1 


1 '?9A 
1 , j^f 


1 , dOf 


1 , lXj I 


1 , 1 J 1 


1 1 7"? 
1 , 1 / o 


May 


1 ,453 


1 ,289 


1 ,308 


1 ,247 


1 ,292 


June 


1 ,436 


1,344 


1 ,265 


1,284 


1,412 


July 


1 ,539 


1,368 


1,439 


1,318 


1,577 


August 


1,452 


1,331 


1 ,464 


1 ,257 


1 ,331 


September 


1,332 


1,273 


1,163 


1,131 


1 ,327 


October 


1,269 


1 ,227 


1 ,224 


1 ,118 


1,180 


November 


1,156 


1,221 


1,123 


1,161 


1 ,157 


December 


1 ,397 


1,167 


1 ,094 


1,145 


1 ,122 


TOTAL 


16,146 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 



*Does not include Spousal Assaults reported by Military Installations. 
See "Military Installation - Domestic Assault Section" in this report. 



83 



HOUR OF THE DAY 



60% of the spousal assaults occurred between the hours of 
6:00 P.M. and 3:00 A.M. in 1990 



FIVE YEAR TREND 









1 990 


1 989 


1988 


1 A O T 

1987 


1986 


12 


:00 


A.M. 


869 


782 


806 


870 


896 


1 


:00 


A.M. 


904 


775 


801 


749 


827 


2: 


:00 


A.M. 


797 


715 


711 


753 


772 


3: 


:00 


A.M. 


607 


467 


537 


479 


545 


4: 


:00 


A.M. 


360 


289 


336 


328 


317 


5: 


:00 


A.M. 


219 


208 


245 


245 


243 


6: 


:00 


A.M. 


205 


191 


248 


229 


237 


7: 


:00 


A.M. 


289 


295 


303 


320 


298 


8: 


:00 


A.M. 


453 


352 


315 


333 


313 


9: 


:00 


A.M. 


471 


368 


379 


334 


350 


10: 


:00 


A.M. 


437 


415 


395 


360 


338 


11 : 


:00 


A.M. 


503 


437 


385 


383 


384 


12; 


:00 


Noon 


539 


508 


485 


469 


455 


1 ; 


;00 


P.M. 


492 


479 


410 


403 


401 


2: 


:00 


P.M. 


497 


489 


437 


389 


432 


3; 


:00 


P.M. 


531 


528 


449 


475 


505 


4; 


:00 


P.M. 


679 


609 


593 


530 


542 


5: 


:00 


P.M. 


730 


770 


707 


722 


733 


6: 


:00 


P.M. 


981 


872 


839 


847 


862 


7: 


:00 


P.M. 


980 


950 


924 


872 


944 


8: 


:00 


P.M. 


1 ,055 


979 


1,001 


983 


1,011 


9: 


:00 


P.M. 


1,184 


1,112 


1,065 


994 


1 ,161 


10: 


:00 


P.M. 


1,124 


1 ,056 


1,079 


1 ,020 


1 ,136 


11 : 


:00 


P.M. 


1 ,240 


1 ,135 


1,071 


1 ,020 


1 ,086 



Analysis: Over 55% of all spousal assaults have consistently 
occurred between the hours of 6:00 P.M. and 3:00 
A.M. in the last five years. When combined with 
the prior day of the week trend, this would in- 
dicate that most spousal assaults are likely to 
occur between 6:00 P.M. and 3:00 A.M. on Friday, 
Saturday and Sunday. 



AGGRAVATED/ NON-AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

2,981 of the spousal assaults reported during 1990 were of an 
aggravated nature. This was a 4 % increase over the 2,854 aggravated 
spousal assaults reported in 1989, and aggravated assaults were 19% of 
the total spousal assaults both years. 



84 



WEAPON USE IN SPOUSAL ASSAULTS 



Firearms were 9.4 percent of the total aggravated assaults and 
1.7 percent of the total assaults. In 1989, firearms were 9.0 percent 
of the total aggravated assaults and 1.7 percent of the total assaults. 

Knife or cutting instruments were 24.7 percent of the total 
aggravated assaults and 4.6 percent of the total assaults. In 1989, 
knife or cutting instruments were 22.8 percent of the total aggravated 
assaults and 4.4 percent of the total assaults. 

Other dangerous weapons were 39.5 percent of the total aggra- 
vated assaults and 7.3 percent of the total assaults. In 1989, other 
dangerous weapons were 35.7 percent of the total aggravated assaults and 
6.9 percent of the total assaults. 

Aggravated assaults by physical force were 26.4 percent of the 
aggravated assaults and 4.9 percent of the total assaults. In 1989, 
aggravated assaults by physical force were 32.4 percent of the total 
aggravated assaults and 6.3 percent of the total assaults. 

Non-aggravated simple assaults accounted for 81.5 percent of all 
spousal assaults. In 1989, non-aggravated simple assaults were 80.7 
percent of all Spousal Assaults. 



VICTIM 

In 1990, spousal assault victims were female in 85.0 percent 
of all cases as compared to 84.7 percent in 1989, a .3 percent increase 
in the female victim ratio. 

56.6 percent of the victims were white, while 42.5 percent were 
black and .9 percent were of other races. In 1989, 56.6 percent were 
white, 43.0 percent were black and .9 percent were of other races. 



85 



PERCENT BY WEAPON AND SEX OF VICTIM 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



CLASSIFICATION 


SEX 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


FIREARM 


M 


0.2 


0.3 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 




F 


1 .5 


1 .4 


1.7 


1.7 


1 .8 


KNIFE OR CUTTING 


M 


2.3 


2.3 


2.5 


2.2 


2.5 


INSTRUMENT 


F 


2.3 


2.1 


2.7 


2.6 


2.5 


OTHER DANGEROUS 


M 


2.3 


2.2 


2.4 


1 .7 


2.3 


WEAPONS 


F 


5.0 


4.7 


4.8 


3.8 


4.9 


HANDS, FISTS, 


M 


0.3 


0.4 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


FEET, ETC. 


F 


4.5 


5.9 


4.7 


4.1 


5.0 


TOTAL AGGRAVATED 


M 


5.2 


5.1 


5.5 


4.5 


5.7 


ASSAULTS 


F 


13.3 


14.2 


14.0 


12.2 


14.1 


TOTAL NON-AGGRA- 


M 


9.8 


10.2 


9.7 


9.7 


8.7 


VATED ASSAULTS 


F 


71 .7 


70.5 


70.9 


73.5 


71.5 


GRAND TOTAL 


M 


15.0 


15.3 


15.2 


14.3 


14.4 




F 


85.0 


84.7 


84.8 


85.7 


85.6 






NUMBER OF 


INCIDENTS 












FIVE YEAR TREND 








CLASSIFICATION 




1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


FIREARM 




280 


257 


290 


283 


325 


KNIFE 




736 


652 


760 


678 


735 


OTHER DANGEROUS 




1,177 


1,019 


1 ,042 


775 


1 ,057 


WEAPONS 














HANDS, FISTS, 




788 


926 


732 


628 


810 


FEET, ETC. 














NON-AGGRAVATED 




13,165 


11 ,927 


11 ,697 


11 ,743 


11 ,861 


TOTAL 




16,146 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 



HOUSEHOLD STATUS 



1990 
1989 



LIVING 
TOGETHER 

77.8% 
78.6% 



ESTRANGED 

16.6% 
15.6% 



UNKNOWN 



5.6% 



5.1 



CIRCUMSTANCES 



1990 
1989 



^ARGUMENT 

29.3% 
22 . 9% 



ALCOHOL 
RELATED 

18.7% 
16.9% 



OTHER 

13.9% 
20.6% 



UNKNOWN 

38.1% 
39.6% 



^NATURE OF ARGUMENT 



1990 
1989 



INFIDELITY 
6.4% 
5.2% 



MONEY 
4.6% 
4.4% 



PROPERTY 
3.0% 
3.2% 



CHILDREN 
5.1% 
4.9% 



OTHER 
10.2% 
5.2% 



87 



CIRCUMSTANCES 







FIVE YEAR 


TREND 






NATURE OF 
ARGUMENT 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


ALCOHOL 


3,027 


2,499 


2,563 


2,673 


2,600 


DRUGS 


288 


396 


290 


202 


165 


FOOD/COOKING 


82 


104 


84 


99 


121 


FRIENDS 


168 


145 


125 


137 


232 


GAMBLING 


13 


3 


5 


2 


10 


HOUSEHOLD CHORES 


99 


80 


77 


66 


117 


INFIDELITY 


1,027 


765 


710 


744 


732 


EMPLOYMENT 
JOB RELATED 


112 


96 


80 


97 


103 


MENTAL IMBALANCE 


54 


52 


44 


45 


50 


MONEY 


744 


657 


714 


585 


615 


OFFSPRING 


822 


726 


652 


648 


760 


PROPERTY 


486 


477 


361 


424 


538 


RELATIVES 


110 


109 


114 


91 


116 


SEX 


191 


179 


130 


144 


172 


HOBBY 


16 


8 


4 


4 


17 


T.V. 


61 


54 


35 


29 


26 


OTHER 


2,692 


2,581 


3,112 


2,909 


2,673 


UNKNOWN 


6,154 


5,850 


5,421 


5,208 


5,741 


TOTAL 


16,146 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 



88 



CLEARANCES 



There are two ways of clearing a case. One is by making an 
arrest and charging the person! s) with the offense. The second is 
known as an exceptional clearance whereby the police know the identity 
and location of the person{s) who committed the offense, and have 
enough information to arrest them but there is some reason beyond their 
control that prevent them from making the arrest. The most frequent 
reason is the victims neglect or refusal to prosecute. 

82.3 percent of all spousal assault cases reported in 1990 were 
cleared; 24.7 percent by arrest and 57.5 percent exceptionally. In 17.8 
percent of the incidents the dispositions of the cases were unknown. In 
1989, 85.0 percent of all spousal assault cases were cleared; 22.0 percent 
by arrest and 63.0 percent exceptionally. In 15.0 percent of the cases, 
the dispositions were unknown. 



89 



The following chart reflects the ratio of Spousal Assaults as 
compared with the total of all (Spousal and Non-Spousal) Assaults. It also 
reflects the percentage of Aggravated Spousal Assaults as compared with the 
Non-Aggravated Spousal Assaults. These comparisons are made on a State and 
County level . 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



State 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Total 


16,146 


14,781 


14,521 


14,107 


14,788 


Ratio 


1:5.2 


1:5.2 


1:5.4 


1:5.1 


1:5.0 


Aggravated 


2,981 


2,854 


2,824 


2,364 


2,927 


Non-Aggravated 


13,165 


11,927 


11,697 


11,743 


11,861 


Percent 


18.5 


19.3 


19.4 


16.8 


19.8 


Region I - Eastern Shore 












Caroline County 












Total 


26 


37 


27 


47 


52 


Ratio 


1 :8.7 


1:7.6 


1 :9.7 


1:5.7 


1 :6.0 


Aggravated 


2 


10 


11 


8 


10 


Non-Aggravated 


24 


27 


16 


39 


42 


Percent 


7 . 7 


27 .0 


40.7 


17.0 


in o 

19.2 


Cecil County 












1 Ota 1 


c/yj 




9 1 ft 


Loo 




Ratio 


1 :4.6 


1 :4.0 


1 :4.6 


1 :4.4 


1 :4.4 


Aggravated 


51 


59 


40 


45 


42 


Non-Aggravated 


219 


231 


178 


188 


208 


Percent 


18.9 


20.3 


18.3 


19.3 


16.8 


Dorchester County 












Total 


112 


62 


53 


51 


63 


Ratio 


1 :6.3 


1 :9.7 


1 :9.7 


1 :9.0 


1:6.9 


Aggravated 


18 


21 


21 


11 


16 


Non-Aggravated 


94 


41 


32 


40 


47 


Percent 


16.1 


33.9 


39.6 


21 .6 


25.4 


Kent County 












Total 


17 


19 


25 


15 


13 


Ratio 


1:13.6 


1:12.0 


1 :7.6 


1 :9.9 


1:17.0 


Aggravated 


4 


5 


4 


5 


3 


Non-Aggravated 


13 


14 


21 


10 


10 


Percent 


23.5 


26.3 


16.0 


33.3 


23.1 



90 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1990 

Queen Anne' s County 



Total 85 

Ratio 1:3.8 

Aggravated 14 

Non-Aggravated 71 

Percent 16.5 

Somerset County 

Total 67 

Ratio 1:5.9 

Aggravated 7 

Non-Aggravated 60 

Percent 10.4 

Talbot County 

Total 35 

Ratio 1:11.5 

Aggravated 7 

Non-Aggravated 28 

Percent 20.0 

Wicomico County 

Total 125 

Ratio 1:10.6 

Aggravated 28 

Non-Aggravated 97 

Percent 22.4 

Worcester County 

Total 101 

Ratio 1:7.7 

Aggravated 25 

Non-Aggravated 76 

Percent 24.8 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 

Total 129 

Ratio 1:4.5 

Aggravated 24 

Non-Aggravated 105 

Percent 18.6 



1 989 


1 988 


1 no7 

1987 


1 noc 
1 98b 


85 


78 


62 


40 


1:3.6 


1.1 7 

1:3.7 


1:4.5 


1 :b.6 


23 


1 7 


21 


o 
8 


62 


61 


A 1 

41 


oo 
32 


2/ . 1 


21 .8 


33.9 


or\ n 
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59 


48 


56 


37 


1.7 7 


1 .y .0 


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39 


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1 . C /I 

1.0.4 


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7 


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91 

C I 


on 


99 


11 1 

33 . 3 


1 Q 9 


09 1 

33.3 


17 Q 

1 / .y 


100 


117 


126 


115 


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1 • O 1 

1 : o . i 


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1 : / . 2 


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28 


1 c 

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32 


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72 


82 


n A 

94 


n 1 
9 1 


28.0 


on n 
29.9 


25.4 


or\ n 


no 

98 


67 


78 


C 1 

61 


1:8.5 


1 :7.8 


1:7.1 


1:10.0 


24 


17 


18 


15 


74 


50 


60 


46 


24.5 


25.4 


23. 1 


OA C 


125 


123 


96 


127 


1:5.4 


1:5.3 


1 :5.8 


1:4.5 


19 


26 


19 


28 


106 


97 


77 


99 


15.2 


21 .1 


19.8 


22.0 



91 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1990 

Charles County 



Total 341 

Ratio 1:4.4 

Aggravated 88 

Non-Aggravated 253 

Percent 25.8 

St. Mary's County 

Total 195 

Ratio 1:5.0 

Aggravated 59 

Non-Aggravated 136 

Percent 30.3 



Region III - Western Maryland 

Allegany County 

Total 249 

Ratio 1:3.6 

Aggravated 35 

Non-Aggravated 214 

Percent 14.1 

Carroll County 

Total 269 

Ratio 1:4.5 

Aggravated 33 

Non-Aggravated 236 

Percent 12.3 

Frederick County 

Total 219 

Ratio 1:7.8 

Aggravated 80 

Non-Aggravated 139 

Percent 36.5 

Garrett County 

Total 49 

Ratio 1:5.9 

Aggravated 18 

Non-Aggravated 31 

Percent 36.7 



1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


282 


300 


346 


104 


1 :4.5 


1 :4.0 


1:3.4 


1 :12.0 


73 


69 


70 


16 


209 


231 


276 


88 


25.9 


23.0 


20.2 


15.4 


158 


220 


213 


188 


1:5.4 


1:4.3 


1:3.9 


1:4.0 


38 


53 


42 


42 


120 


167 


171 


146 


24.1 


24.1 


19.7 


22.3 


177 


116 


82 


57 


1 :4.5 


1 :4.8 


1 :4.8 


1 :6.2 


17 


23 


14 


13 


160 


93 


68 


44 


9.6 


19.8 


17.1 


22.8 


260 


197 


212 


238 


1 :4.4 


1:5.3 


1 :4.6 


1 :4.0 


38 


25 


38 


39 


222 


172 


174 


199 


14.6 


12.7 


17.9 


16.4 


195 


231 


184 


234 


1:7.4 


1:6.0 


1:7.1 


1 :6.4 


64 


64 


57 


74 


131 


167 


127 


160 


32.8 


27.7 


31 .0 


31.6 


61 


102 


95 


85 


1:4.9 


1 :2.9 


1:3.1 


1 :3.0 


16 


5 


19 


15 


45 


97 


76 


70 


26.2 


4.9 


20.0 


17.6 



92 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1990 

Washington County 



Total 111 

Ratio 1:6.8 

Aggravated 36 

Non-Aggravated 75 

Percent 32.4 



Region IV - Washington Metro Area 

Montgomery County 

Total 1,347 

Ratio 1:4.3 

Aggravated 160 

Non-Aggravated 1 , 1 87 

Percent 11.9 

Prince George's County 

Total 2,654 

Ratio 1:4.6 

Aggravated 413 

Non-Aggravated 2,241 

Percent 15.6 



Region V - Baltimore Metro Area 

Baltimore City 

Total 2,699 

Ratio 1:10.0 

Aggravated 400 

Non-Aggravated 2,299 

Percent 14.8 

Anne Arundel County 

Total 649 

Ratio 1:5.4 

Aggravated 143 

Non-Aggravated 506 

Percent 22.0 



1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


77 


52 


65 


52 


1:8.6 


1:8.6 


1:8.1 


1:10.0 


31 


24 


22 


16 


46 


28 


43 


36 


40.3 


46.2 


33.8 


30.8 


1,164 


1,072 


909 


759 


1 :4.4 


1 :4.8 


1 :5.3 


1:5.8 


156 


124 


91 


96 


1,008 


948 


818 


663 


13.4 


11 .6 


10.0 


12.6 


2,476 


2,175 


2,228 


2,567 


1:4.6 


1:5.2 


1:5.0 


1:4.2 


404 


470 


466 


542 


2,072 


1,705 


1,762 


2,025 


16.3 


21 .6 


20.9 


21.1 


2,492 


2,886 


3,087 


3,400 


:10.0 


1 :8.7 


1:7.7 


1:7.2 


332 


437 


457 


487 


2,160 


2,449 


2,630 


2,913 


13.3 


15.1 


14.8 


14.3 


488 


513 


468 


536 


1:6.7 


1:6.3 


1:7.5 


1:7.2 


133 


154 


125 


123 


355 


359 


343 


413 


27.3 


30.0 


26.7 


22.9 



93 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



1990 

Baltimore County 



Total 5,425 

Ratio 1:3.2 

Aggravated 1,175 

Non-Aggravated 4,250 

Percent 21.7 

Harford County 

Total 409 

Ratio 1:4.4 

Aggravated 57 

Non-Aggravated 352 

Percent 13.9 

Howard County 

Total 555 

Ratio 1:3.7 

Aggravated 103 

Non-Aggravated 452 

Percent 18.6 



1 989 


1 /\ rt rt 

1988 


1987 


1986 


5,123 


4,990 


4,766 


5,168 


1:3.1 


1:3.1 


1:3.2 


1:3.0 


1 ,214 


1 ,042 


712 


1 ,220 


3,909 


3,948 


4,054 


3,948 


23.7 


20.9 


14.9 


23.6 


364 


351 


343 


378 


1:4.1 


1 :4.5 


1 :4.5 


1:4.7 


6/ 


81 


48 


bU 


Cil 


270 


one 

295 


ooo 


1 O /I 
lO.H 


Li . 1 


14. U 


\i.c 


553 


531 


306 


218 


1:3.5 


1:3.7 


1:5.5 


1:9.2 


64 


66 


27 


29 


489 


465 


279 


189 


11 .6 


12.4 


8.8 


13.3 



94 



MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
DOMESTIC ASSAULTS 
1990 

AGGRAVATED NON-AGGRAVATED TOTAL 

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND 3 13 ,16 

FORT GEORGE G. MEADE 1 13 14 

FORT RITCHIE 2 2 

ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE 3 25 28 

PATUXENT NAVAL AIR STATION 8 43 51 

FORT DETRICK 

U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY 

GRAND TOTAL 15 96 111 



95 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA 



The tables contained within this section were designed to 
provide quick reference to statistical crime information relative to 
the different reporting areas of the State of Maryland. 

The tables are broken down by Region. Within each Region 
information is listed in County name sequence and is further detailed 
to show the activity experienced by individual police agencies. The 
general identifying descriptions which indicate the reporting areas 
are listed and defined as follows: 



Regional Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all the Counties within the indicated 
Region. 

County Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all reporting Agencies within the indicated 
County. 



Sheriff - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by Sheriff's Offices. This 
includes activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in 
that County. 

County Police 

Department - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by County Police Departments. 
This includes activity which may have 
occurred within the corporate limits of 
towns in that County. 

State Police - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by all State Police installations 
within the indicated reporting area. This 
includes activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in that 
County. 

Municipal 
Pol ice 

Departments - This line indicates the total activity reported 

by the specified police departments and includes 
only those crimes which were handled by that 
department . 



97 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (cont'd) 



The five regions used in the Maryland Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program are as follows: 

Region I - Eastern Shore 

Caroline County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne' s County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 
Charles County 
St. Mary' s County 

Region III - Western Maryland 

Al 1 egany County 
Carroll County 
Frederick County 
Garrett County 
Washington County 

Region IV - Washington Metropolitan Region 

Montgomery County 
Prince George's County 

Region V - Baltimore Metropolitan Region 

Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel County 
Baltimore County 
Harford County 
Howard County 

The tabulations in this section indicate the volume of Crime 
in Maryland by regions, counties and cities or towns based on the 
occurrence of the Crime Index Offenses reported through the law enforce- 
ment agencies in the area. The crimes included in the index are: Murder 
and nonnegligent Manslaughter, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, 
Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft.* 



*Arson figures included are not computed in the total offenses or crime 
rates. 



98 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (cont'd) 



follows: 



Each heading contained in this section is defined as 



Population: 

Total Offenses: 
Total Cleared: 
Percent Cleared: 

Percent Cleared = 
Crime Rate: 



Example: 



Estimated populations for the State, 
Regions and Counties as provided by 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation 
on a yearly basi s. 

The sum total of the Index Offenses. 

The sum total of the Index Offenses cleared. 

The percentage of Index Offenses cleared by 
arrest or exceptional means. The mathematical 
formula may be expressed as follows: 

Index Offenses Cleared 
Index Offenses X 100 

This rate is the number of Index Offenses 
per 100,000 population. To compute a crime 
rate, divide the population by 100,000 and 
divide the number of offenses by the quotient. 



Population for Region X 

Number of Index Offenses 
for Region X this year. 



312,010 
13,092 



312,010 
100,000 

13,092 



3.120 



4,196.2 



Crime Rate for Region X 



4,196.2 



Crime Rates for the individual agencies are not calculated in 
the following table because of overlapping jurisdictions in many cities of 
municipal, county and stace law enforcement agencies. This table contains 
the offenses as reported by the individual agencies with crime rates for the 
county and region totals. Arson offenses in this table are listed opposite 
the agency reporting the Arson. In the Municipality Table, the Arsons are 
listed in the municipality where they occurred. 



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140 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES 



Crime Rates for individual cities and towns are listed in the 
following table. The rates for many cities are based on combined data 
reported by municipal, county and state law enforcement agencies due to 
overlapping jurisdictions. 



141 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 

Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


m 

Theft 


REGION I 


CAROL 1 1£ COUNTY 


Denton 


1989 


5,857.1 


144 





2 


1 


5 


17 


117 


2 




1990 




120 


1 





4 


8 


29 


72 


6 






-111 9 


















Federalsburg 


1989 


2,90^.8 


51 











6 


9 


44 


2 




1990 


'J,228.3 


100 





4 


1 


4 


11 


73 


7 




% Change 


+45.5 


+63.9 
















GOLDSBORO 


1989 


2.000.0 


4 














1 


3 







1990 


5^.5 


1 














1 










% Change 


-73.0 


-75.0 
















Greensboro 


1989 


533,3 


8 














3 


5 







1990 


1.596.1 


23 














6 


17 







% Change 


+199.3 


+187.5 
















Preston 


1989 


1.000.0 


5 














1 


4 







1990 


228.8 


1 

















1 







% Change 


-77.1 


-80.0 
















Ridgely 


1989 


3,900.0 


39 











1 


10 


26 


2 




1990 


3,288.2 


31) 








1 


3 


9 


21 







% Change 


-15.7 


-12.8 
















CECIL COUNTY 


Cecilton 


1989 


3,800.0 


19 








1 


1 


11 


5 


1 




1990 


2,045.0 


10 








1 


2 


3 


4 







% Change 


-46.2 


-47.4 
















Charlestown 


1989 


3,000.0 


21 











3 


10 


8 







1990 


4,325.3 


25 











5 


5 


14 


1 




Z Change 


+44.2 


+19.1 
















Chesapeake City 


1989 


1,400.0 


14 











1 


5 


5 


1 




1990 


1,224.5 


9 











1 


3 


5 







% Change 


-12.5 


-35.7 
















Elkton 


1989 


8,194.8 


531 


1 


1 


13 


65 


80 


431 


39 




1990 


8,751.2 


794 





3 


12 


61 


125 


527 


66 




% Change 


+6.8 


+25.8 
















NosTH East 


1989 


4.531.5 


88 





1 


1 


13 


17 


48 


8 




1990 


5.597.9 


109 











13 


31 


51 


14 




% Change 


+23.0 


+23.9 
















PESriYVILLE 


1989 


4,904.8 


103 





2 


-1 


12 


41 


35 


13 




1990 


5,089.5 


125 








1 


29 


43 


49 


3 




Z Change 


+3.8 


+21.4 
















Port Deposit 


1989 


8,750.0 


70 





1 


3 


15 


25 


25 







1990 


4,379.5 


30 


1 








7 


4 


15 


3 




Z Change 


-50.0 


-57,1 
















Rising Sun 


1989 


4,200.0 


63 








1 


3 


2 


51 


5 




1990 


5,521.5 


71 











2 


17 


39 


13 




% Change 


+33.9 


+12.7 
















DORCHESTER COUNTY 


Cambr 1 dge 


1989 


9,052.5 


1,032 


3 


8 


26 


102 


246 


533 


14 




1990 


7,121.8 


820 


3 


9 


22 


139 


177 


445 


25 




Z Change 


-21.3 


-20.5 
















HURLOCK 


1989 


2,473.7 


47 











3 


14 


25 


5 




1990 


3,105.7 


53 





3 





9 


6 


28 


1 




Z Change 


+25.6 


+12.8 

















142 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 

Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Mjrder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 

Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


MA^ 
Theft 


KENT COUNTY 


Betterton 


1989 


250 


1 

















1 









1 , . ^ 


7 


U 


n 

U 




U 


7 

J 


n 
4 


n 
U 






+fi77 R 


+finfi n 

^OWJ . u 
















Chestertown 


1989 


5,000,0 


165 


1 


3 


i\ 


10 




107 


9 




-1. jJU 


fi lfi7 

0/10/ , J 


9il7 


n 


L 




Z4 




IDZ 


1 Q 








+ljQ 7 
















Galena 


1989 


250 


1 














1 










1990 


3,216,1) 


11 














1( 


7 







% Change 


+1,186.5 


+1,000,0 
















MiLLINGTON 


1989 


1,000,0 


5 

















5 







1990 


1,956,0 


8 

















8 







% Change 


+95,6 


+60.0 
















Rock Hall 


1989 


1,937,5 


31 








1 


3 


7 


19 


1 




1990 


4,166,7 


66 





1 





5 


20 


39 







X Change 


+115,1 


+112.9 
















QUEN AMC'S COUNTY 


Centreville 


1989 


6,105,3 


116 








1 


4 


31 


76 


4 




1990 


4,005.7 


84 











7 


12 


64 


1 




% Change 


-34,4 


-27.6 
















SOI*ERSET COUNTY 


Crisfield 


1989 


2,241.4 


65 








1 


12 


20 


25 


7 




1990 


4,027.8 


116 





1 





10 


39 


57 


9 




% Change 


+79.7 


+78,5 
















Princess Anne 


1989 


7,000.0 


119 





3 


2 


7 


15 


85 


7 




1990 


6,722.7 


112 








2 


7 


20 


77 


6 




% Change 


-4.0 


-5.9 
















TALBOT COUNTY 


Easton 


1989 


8.811.1 


793 





5 


28 


113 


130 


480 


37 




1990 


7,159.6 


571 





6 


20 


98 


121 


110 


16 




% Change 


-18.7 


-15,4 
















Oxford 


1989 


1,500.0 


12 








1 





2 


8 


1 




1990 


2,289.0 


16 














2 


14 







% Change 


+52.6 


+33.3 
















St, Michael's 


1989 


5.071.4 


71 





1 


3 


7 


8 


49 


3 




1990 


4,458,1 


58 











3 


10 


42 


3 




% Change 


-12,1 


-18.3 
















Tsappe 


1989 






























1990 






























% Change 




















WICOMICO COUNTY 


Delmar 


1989 


4,500,0 


59 





1 


1 


8 


13 


45 







1990 


4,475,5 


64 





1 





9 


10 


42 


2 




% Change 


-2.7 


-7.3 
















Fruitland 


1989 


5,557.6 


206 


1 





3 


23 


51 


123 


5 




1990 


5,209.1 


218 


1 


6 


1 


43 


48 


115 


4 




t Change 


+11.5 


+5.8 
















Hebron 


1989 


428.5 


3 

















5 







1990 






























t Change 


-100,0 


-100.0 
















Pittsville 


1989 


200,0 


1 











1 













1990 






























Z Change 


-100.0 


-100,0 

















143 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Murder 


KAPE 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Bi)EAKING OR 

Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


HA' 
Theft 


Sal 1 SBURY 


1989 


11.716.5 


2.191 


2 


21 


78 


282 


442 


1,252 


1J4 




1990 


12.082.4 


2.488 


1 


13 


102 


356 


335 


1.593 


87 






+3 J 


















Sharp TOWN 


1989 






























1990 






























% Change 




















WiLLARDS 


1989 


200.0 


1 











1 













1990 






























% Change 


-100,0 


-100.0 
















WORCESTER COUNTY 


Berlin 


1989 


1.567,5 


58 








1 


9 


17 


23 


8 




1990 


2,531,8 


61 








1 


5 


19 


35 


1 




% Change 


+48.8 


+5.2 
















Ocean City 


1989 


30.767.1 


2.246 





11 


19 


166 


412 


1.574 


64 




1990 


43.975,9 


2.263 





11 


15 


155 


481 


1.495 


105 




I Change 


+42.9 


+0.8 
















PocoMOKE City 


1989 


5.694.4 


205 








1 


13 


25 


153 


3 




1990 


6,807.8 


267 











19 


29 


208 


11 




% Change 


+19.6 


+30.2 
















Snow Hill 


1989 


1,238.1 


25 














5 


18 


3 




1990 


1,253.0 


28 

















28 







Z Change 


+2.0 


+7.7 
















REGION II 


CALVERT COUNTY 


Chesapeake Beach 1989 


3.280.0 


82 


1 


2 


1 


21 


23 


22 


12 




1990 


1,872.7 


45 











5 


10 


28 


2 




% Change 


-42,9 


-45.1 
















North Beach 


1989 


1.542,9 


46 





1 





15 


10 


15 


4 




1990 


5,711,9 


67 








1 


11 


18 


33 


4 




% Change 


+247.7 


+45.7 
















CHARLES COUNTY 


Indian Head 


1989 


5,812.5 


93 








4 


7 


12 


56 


14 




1990 


2.548.9 


90 





1 


1 


10 


23 


44 


11 




I Change 


-55.2 


-3.2 
















La Plata 


1989 


5,952.4 


250 





1 


4 


23 


19 


181 


22 




1990 


4,793.7 


280 








5 


11 


35 


193 


34 




% Change 


-19,5 


+12.0 
















ST, MARY'S COUNTY 


Leonardtown 


1989 


6.882.4 


117 








1 


12 


35 


53 


5 




1990 


10,237,3 


151 





2 


7 


25 


48 


53 


6 




% Change 


+48.8 


+29.1 
















REGION III 


ALLfGANY COUNTY 


Barton 


1989 


155.7 


1 











1 













1990 






























Z Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















Cumberland 


1989 


5.757.4 


1,353 


2 


2 


10 


94 


305 


907 


32 




1990 


5.931.0 


1.406 





9 


9 


112 


255 


981 


29 




t Change 


+3.0 


+3.9 
















Frostburg 


1989 


4,202.7 


311 





1 


2 


11 


40 


253 


4 




1990 


3,492.3 


282 








1 


12 


22 


245 


2 




Z Change 


-15,9 


-9.3 

















144 



MUNICIPALITY CRlilE ^ATES - 1990 







Crime 

Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Mjrder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Assault 


DKC AF, 1 Mo UK 

Entering 


LAKLbNY 

Theft 


M/V 

Theft 


LONACONING 


1989 


230.8 


3 





1 








1 





1 




1990 


178.3 


2 














1 





1 




Z Change 


-22.8 


-33.3 
















Luke 


1989 


- 




























1990 


1.087.0 


2 

















2 







% Change 


- 


- 
















Midland 


1989 






























1990 






























% Change 




















Westernpost 


1989 




23 











1 


4 


17 


1 




1990 


1.304.0 


32 











2 


13 


15 


2 




% Change 




+39.1 
















CARROLL COUNTY 


Hampstead 


1989 


2.937.5 


47 





1 





5 


U 


30 







1990 


2,684.0 


70 





2 


1 


3 


13 


49 


2 




% Change 


-8.6 


+48.9 
















Manchester 


1989 


1.960.0 


49 





1 





3 


17 


22 


6 




1990 


1.572,5 


47 











2 


G 


34 






% Change 


-W.7 


-4.1 
















New Windsor 


1989 


900.0 


9 














1 


8 







1990 


921.7 


7 














3 


3 


1 




Z Change 


+2.7 


-22.2 
















Sykesville 


1989 


3.909.1 


86 








2 


7 


24 


50 


3 




1990 


4.081.6 


94 











9 


19 


54 


2 




% Change 


+4.4 


+9.3 
















Taneytown 


1989 


3.818.2 


126 





1 


1 


14 


38 


71 


1 




1990 


3.843.0 


142 





3 





33 


25 


80 


1 




% Change 


+0.7 


+12.7 
















Union Bridge 


1989 


500.0 


6 














2 


4 







1990 


1.978.0 


18 











2 


9 


5 


2 




% Change 


+295.6 


+200.0 
















Westminster 


1989 


8.814.8 


952 





2 


10 


35 


162 


714 


29 




1990 


5.940.6 


907 





9 


10 


35 


143 


573 


37 




Z Change 


-21.3 


-4.7 
















FREDERICK COUNTY 


Brunswick 


1989 


2.434.0 


129 





1 





16 


17 


92 


3 




1990 


3.439.5 


176 








1 


26 


30 


112 


7 




% Change 


+41.3 


+36.4 
















BURKITTSVILLE 


1989 


0.0 




























1990 






























% Change 




















Emmitsburg 


1989 


2.000.0 


32 











4 


4 


23 


1 




1990 


1.007.1 


17 





2 





2 


2 


10 


1 




X Change 


-49.7 


-46.9 
















Fredei^ick 


1989 


6.922.9 


2.513 


3 


13 


90 


316 


425 


1.523 


143 




1990 


6.934.3 


2.784 


4 


15 


96 


401 


462 


1.569 


137 




" Change 


+0.2 


+10.8 
















MiDDLETOWN 


1989 


1.588.2 


27 








u 


5 


4 


20 







1990 


1.090.5 


20 


1 








3 


2 


14 







Z Change 


-31.3 


-25.9 
















*Mt. Airy 


1989 


2.200.0 


55 








5 


3 


8 


49 


1 




1990 


2.38S.1 


89 








2 


5 


25 


54 


3 




Z Change 


+8.5 


+34.9 
















'Although Mr. Airy lies in 
city in Frede.^ick County, 


Carroll. Frederick and Howard Counties. 


FOR purposes 


OF THIS 


REPORT. WE H.WE 


SHOWN THE DATA FOR 


THE ENTIRE 





145 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







CRIf^ 

Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


MlRDER 


Rape 


Robbery 


nobn AV A 1 1 U 

Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


MA/ 

Theft 


Mtersville 


1989 


800.0 


1 








1 








3 







1990 


'(31.0 


2 

















2 







I Change 




-50.0 
















New Market 


1989 


0.0 




























1990 


- 




























% Change 


- 


- 
















Thurmont 


1989 


2,500.0 


85 





1 





12 


9 


61 


2 




1990 


1,*)2.3 


66 











6 


7 


50 


3 




% Change 


-22.3 


-22.1 
















Walkersville 


1989 


1,931.0 


56 








1 


5 


11 


36 


2 




1990 


1,278,5 


53 








1 


5 


15 


32 







% Change 


-33,8 


-5.1 
















WOODSBORO 


1989 


600.0 


3 














1 


1 


1 




1990 


19^,9 


1 














1 










7, Change 


-57,5 


-65.7 
















GARREn COUtfTY 


Accident 


1989 


333.3 


1 














1 










1990 






























% Change 


-100.0 


-100.0 
















Deer Park 


1989 


200.0 


1 














1 










1990 


238.7 


1 











1 













% Change 


+19.4 


0.0 
















Friendsville 


1989 


600.0 


3 











1 


1 





1 




1990 


2,599.7 


15 











5 


1 


6 







% Change 


+333.3 


+100.0 
















Grantsville 


1989 


1,000.0 


6 











1 


2 


2 


1 




1990 


1,188.1 


6 








1 


1 


1 


3 







% Change 


+18.8 


0.0 
















KlTZMILLER 


1989 


250.0 


1 











1 













1990 


363.6 


1 














1 










% Change 


+1(5.1 


0.0 
















Loch Lynn 


1989 


MOO.O 


2 














1 


1 







1990 


650.8 


3 











2 


1 










% Change 


+62.7 


+50.0 
















Mr, Lake Park 


1989 


777.8 


11 





1 





3 


3 


6 


1 




1990 


1,651.2 


32 











9 


3 


20 







I Change 


+112.3 


+128.6 
















Oakland 


1989 


3,722.2 


67 











5 


11 


16 






1990 


1-020.7 


70 











7 


12 


50 






% Change 


+8.0 


+1.5 
















WASHINGTON COUNTY 


Boons BORO 


1989 


833.3 


20 











8 


1 


7 






1990 


1,390.6 


31 





1 


1 


3 


1 


2H 






% Change 


+66.9 


+70.0 
















Clear Spring 


1989 


5,000.0 


25 











2 


6 


16 






1990 


5,783.1 


21 











1 


7 


12 






% Change 


+15.7 


-1.0 
















FuNKSTOWN 


1989 


583.3 


7 











2 





5 







1990 


701.2 


8 











1 





7 







% Change 


+20.7 


+11.3 
















Hagerstow 


1989 


1,937.5 


1,738 


7 


2 


35 


163 


126 


1,002 


102 




1990 


5,011.6 


1,787 





12 


53 


171 


323 


1,118 


80 




X Change 


+2.1 


+2.8 

















146 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Hjrder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Agg-wated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
Theft 


Theft 


Hancock 


1989 


3,315.8 


53 











3 


13 


16 


1 




1990 


3.322.9 


61 





2 


2 


7 


12 


37 


1 




t Change 


+0.2 


+1.6 
















Keedysville 


1989 






























1990 


852.1 


1 














2 


2 







% Change 




















Sharpsburg 


1989 


2,000.0 


11 











2 


5 


5 


2 




1990 


2,127.9 


16 








1 


1 


6 


6 


2 




% Change 


+21.4 


+11.3 
















Smithsburg 


1989 


2.888.9 


26 


1 











12 


13 







1990 


2,538.9 


31 











1 


1 


23 


0- 




% Change 


-12.1 


+19,2 
















WlLLlAMSPORT 


1989 


5.000.0 


105 





1 





5 


52 


38 


9 




1990 


4.'(69.8 


91 











1 


21 


59 


10 




I Change 


-10.5 


-10.5 
















REGION IV 


MONTGOItRY COUNTY 


Chevy Chase IV 


1989 


- 




























1990 


- 




























I Change 




_ 
















Chevy Chase Village 1989 


1.571.1 


33 














5 


25 


3 




1990 


2.983.6 


52 








3 


1 


17 


39 


2 




% Change 


+89.9 


+87.9 
















Gaithersburg 


1989 


3.151.9 


1,202 


2 


5 


12 


51 


160 


797 


155 




1990 


3.557.3 


1,106 


1 


11 


10 


78 


186 


976 


111 




Z Change 


+12.8 


+17.0 
















Garrett Park 


1989 






























1990 


113.1 


1 

















1 







% Change 




















Kensington 


1989 


W.I 


8 








1 





1 


1 


2 




1990 


U5.8 


2 

















1 


1 




% Change 


-73.7 


-75.0 
















POOLESVILLE 


1989 


88.2 


3 














3 










1990 


158.1 


6 














2 


1 







% Change 


+79.3 


+100.0 
















Rockville 


1989 


2,656.7 


1,288 





5 


n 


53 


218 


837 


101 




1990 


2,779.1 


1.216 





5 


28 


19 


217 


812 


105 




% Change 


+1.2 


-3.3 
















Somerset 


1989 






























1990 






























% Change 




















**Takoma Pask 


1989 


5,827.3 


919 





5 


58 


11 


208 


506 


130 




1990 


5,227.5 


1,010 


2 


10 


88 


10 


239 


536 


125 




% Change 


-8.8 


+9.5 
















PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 


Berwyn Heights 


1989 


2,182.8 


72 








2 


3 


17 


42 


8 




1990 


2,815.5 


81 








9 


11 


11 


11 


12 




% Change 


+11.6 


+16.7 
















Bladensburg 




12,113.0 


983 


2 


2- 


82 


78 


151 


161 


208 




1950 


11,608.1 


1,178 


3 


7 


98 


90 


226 


503 


251 




X Change 


+17.1 


+19.8 

















•"Although Takoma Park lies i:i Montgome.w and Prince George's Counties, for purposes of this report, we have shown the data for the entire city 
IN Montgomery County. This data reflects the first year for availability and inclusion of Prince George's County crime data. 



147 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 

Rate 


Total 

Offenses 


Murder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 

A<:<^ai II T 


Breaking or 

FwTPD I hid 


Larceny 


m 


Bowie 


1989 


2,857.2 


1,058 





1 


21 


54 


252 


608 


122 




1990 


3,288.2 


1,236 


1 


7 


19 


56 


295 


748 


UO 




% Change 


+W.7 


+16.8 
















Brentwood 


1989 


5,062.5 


194 





2 


13 


19 


45 


79 


36 




1990 


7.753.7 


233 


1 





13 


14 


5^ 


112 


39 




% Change 


+27.9 


+20.1 
















Capitol Heights 


1989 


8.102.6 


316 


1 


1 


37 


37 


80 


102 


58 




1990 


8,395,3 


305 





2 


38 


38 


57 


105 


55 




% Change 


+3,6 


-3.5 
















Cheverly 


1989 


5,803.6 


325 


1 


4 


29 


11 


63 


141 


75 




1990 


5,'<58.6 


389 





4 


32 


14 


124 


159 


46 






+11.3 


+19,7 
















CaLEGE Park 


1989 


10,070.1 


2.155 





4 


56 


57 


557 


1.505 


156 




1990 


10.991,0 


2,410 





5 


59 


59 


420 


1.717 


150 




% Change 


+9,1 


+11.8 
















CoLMAR Manor 


1989 


10.250,0 


123 








15 


9 


30 


55 


14 




1990 


8,967,2 


112 


2 


1 


8 


6 


26 


59 


10 




% Change 


-12,5 


-8.9 
















Cottage City 


1989 


12.363,6 


136 





1 


9 


10 


20 


81 


15 




1990 


9,304,2 


115 








7 


6 


21 


68 


13 




% Change 


-24,8 


-15.4 
















District Heights 1989 


4,915,5 


349 


2 


2 


28 


38 


92 


117 


70 




1990 


4,818,0 


323 





4 


37 


49 


82 


103 


48 




% Change 


-2,0 


-7 ^ 
















Eagle Harbo.^ 


1989 


5,000,0 


5 














4 


1 







1990 






























% Change 


-inn n 


-inn n 
















Edmonston 


1989 


16.636,4 


183 








5 


9 


40 


95 


34 




1990 


20.564,0 


175 





1 


9 


16 


42 


79 


28 




% Change 


+23,6 


-4,4 
















Fairmount Heights 1989 


9,875,0 


158 


5 


3 


17 


30 


51 


24 


17 




1990 


12.681,7 


157 


2 


2 


15 


25 


42 


53 


18 




% Change 


+28,4 


-0,6 
















Forest Heights 


1989 


6.133,3 


184 


1 


2 


15 


15 


52 


56 


41 




1990 


5,820,6 


195 








19 


29 


23 


83 


41 




% Change 


+11,2 


+6,0 
















Glenarden 


1989 


5,125,0 


246 





7 


26 


24 


82 


71 


35 




1990 


5,233,8 


263 





5 


21 


48 


49 


109 


30 




% Change 


+2.1 


+6.9 
















Greenbelt 


1989 


5.932.5 


1.130 





7 


41 


33 


136 


550 


263 




1990 


5.190.6 


1.095 





7 


52 


42 


150 


593 


251 




% Change 


-25.1 


-3.1 
















Hyattsville 


1989 


5,949.2 


820 





3 


50 


42 


186 


382 


157 




1990 


6,037.2 


837 


2 


5 


68 


50 


133 


446 


133 




% Change 


-13,1 


+2.1 
















Landover Hills 


1989 


6,384,5 


83 








4 


8 


17 


35 


19 




1990 


4,918,0 


102 





1 


12 


7 


13 


56 


13 




% Change 


-23,0 


+22,9 
















Laurel 


1989 


9,348,8 


1.206 


1 


9 


56 


68 


245 


558 


169 




1990 


6,255,8 


1.215 





11 


37 


54 


179 


773 


152 




% Change 


-33.1 


+0.8 

















148 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES - 1990 







Crime 
Rate 


Total 
Offenses 


Mjrder 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
Assault 


Breaking or 
Entering 


Larceny 
theft 


MA^ 
Theft 


Mr\D^J I wrc i nc 
1 lUKN 1 ut 


1989 


'<.818.2 




n 
u 


X 

J 


1 


7 
J 


in 


71 






1990 


8.602.2 


K\ 
ou 


n 

u 


1 


7 
J 


J 


17 


HO 


s 

o 




I Change 


+78.5 


+50.9 
















Mr D A 1 M I c o 

lilt i\A I nl 1 1 K 




7 719 ^ 




1 


Q 


C7 
JJ 


17 


1^9 


99(i 


197 










1 


1 


78 


91 


7fi 

/o 


9i^n 


1R7 
10/ 




% Change 


-9.7 


-1.6 
















— 

New l.\rrolton 






OJJ 


9 

L 


h 
4 


Hj 




1 lil 


/i78 


907 








/ JO 


n 

U 


1 

1 










187 
loj 




% Change 


-9.4 


-13.7 
















I1UK 1 n Dncli 1 HUUU 




3,000.0 


18 


n 
u 


n 


1 
1 


n 
u 


19 




1 
1 






6.250.0 


32 


n 
u 


g 


n 

u 


i) 


14 


8 




D 




% Change 


+108.3 


+77.8 
















R f UPBHAI P 
I\ 1 VCKUMLt 


1989 


8,176.5 


417 





5 


3]^ 


35 


72 


200 


74 




1990 


7,521.7 


390 


2 


5 


43 


34 


55 


175 


66 




% Change 


-8.0 


-5.5 
















^CAT Pi cacawt 
OCA 1 r LtAoAW 1 


1989 


13,154.5 


592 


\ 


7 


76 


46 


111'? 


IQQ 


i9n 




1990 


10,860.2 


582 




14 






8Q 




107 

lU/ 




% Change 


-19.3 


-1.7 
















University Park 


1989 


2,210.0 


56 








1 





19 


28 


8 




1990 


3,611.2 


81 








3 





24 


47 


7 




% Change 


+61.2 


+44.5 
















Upper Marlboro 


1989 


8,111.1 


73 





1 





5 


14 


41 


12 




1990 


7,785.2 


58 








2 


4 


14 


35 


3 




% Change 


-H.O 


-20.5 
















REGION V 


BALTIMORE CITY 


Baltimore City 


1989 


9,484.9 


72,379 


259 


543 


7,986 


5,875 


14,446 


34,081 


8,188 




1990 


10,734.9 


79,010 


305 


591 


9,488 


7,518 


14,864 


36,206 


9,938 




% Change 


+13.2 


+9.2 
















ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 


ANNAPaiS 


1989 


7,623.2 


2,630 


3 


28 


118 


216 


598 


1,557 


110 




1990 


8,177.9 


2,714 


5 


17 


121 


289 


558 


1,608 


116 




% Change 


+7.3 


+3.2 
















HARFORD COUNTY 


Aberdeen 


1989 


6,346.8 


787 


1 


10 


31 


57 


230 


410 


48 




1990 


6,976.4 


913 


1 


1 


25 


58 


235 


542 


49 




% Change 


+9.9 


+16.0 
















Bel Air 


1989 


4,407.8 


454 





4 


5 


35 


54 


339 


15 




1990 


5,543.3 


500 





1 


5 


50 


48 


385 


9 




% Change 


+28.0 


+10.1 
















Havre De Grace 


1989 


6,375.0 


561 


1 





16 


32 


155 


301 


45 




1990 


5,585.3 


500 





5 


12 


22 


134 


303 


24 




I Change 


-12.4 


-10.9 

















149 



MARYLAND 
ARREST DATA 



ARREST DATA 



The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program requires the 
submission of monthly reports of persons arrested in the state. A 
record of arrest activity for both Part I and Part II crimes is 
received from state, county and municipal law enforcement agencies 
showing the age, sex and race of persons arrested. Traffic arrests, 
except Driving While Intoxicated, are not reported. A total of 264,055 
arrests for Part I and Part II criminal offenses were reported during 
1990. In 1989, there were 266,125 arrests which represents a 1 percent 
decrease. Based on 1990 population estimates, there were 5,522.4 arrests 
per 100,000 population in Maryland. The arrest rate for 1989 was 5,669.5 
representing a 3 percent decrease in the arrest rate. 

A person is counted on the monthly arrest report each time 
they are arrested. This means that a person may be arrested several 
times during a given month and would be counted each time. However, a 
person is counted only once each time regardless of the number of crimes 
or charges involved. A juvenile is counted as "arrested" when the circum- 
stances are such that, if the juvenile were an adult, an arrest would have 
been counted or when police or other official action is taken beyond a 
mere interview, warning or admonishment. 

Arrest figures do not indicate the number of individuals 
arrested or summonsed since, as stated above, one person may be arrested 
several times during the month. However, arrest information is useful in 
measuring the extent of law enforcement activities in a given geographic 
area as well as providing an index for measuring the involvement in 
criminal acts by the age, sex and race of perpetrators. 

23 percent of all reported arrests during 1990 were for Crime 
Index Offenses (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, Break- 
ing or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft) as compared to 21 
percent in 1989. Analysis of Crime Index Arrest Data indicates that 
Larceny comprised the highest percentage of all arrests for Crime Index 
Crimes, with 48 percent of the total in both 1990 and 1989. The Drug 
Abuse, Other Assaults, Driving Under the Influence, Disorderly Conduct, and 
All Other Offense categories continue to record the highest percentage of 
arrests for Part II Offenses. These offenses accounted for 85 percent of 
the total arrests for Part II Offenses in 1990 and 83 percent in 1989. 



VIOLENT CRIME ARRESTS 

Arrests for crimes of violence (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery 
and Aggravated Assault) accounted for 22 percent of the total arrests for 
Crime Index Offenses in 1990 and 21 percent in 1989, and 5 percent of the 
total arrests for both years. 

A further evaluation indicates that arrests for Robbery and 
Aggravated Assault represented the highest percentage of the total arrests 
for Violent Crimes with 29 and 59 percent, respectively. 



152 



PROPERTY CRIME ARRESTS 



Property Crimes arrests (Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft and 
Motor Vehicle Theft) represented 78 percent of all arrests for Crime 
Index Offenses and 18 percent of the total arrests in 1990, as compared to 
79 percent of all arrests for Crime Index Offenses and 17 percent of the 
total arrests in 1989. 

The highest percentage of Property Crime arrests, 62 percent 
occurred in the Larceny category in 1990, the same as in 1989 wich 61 percent. 



DRUG ABUSE VIOLATION ARRESTS 

Information pertaining to Drug Abuse Violation arrests is collected 
according to specific drug categories and whether the arrest was for Sale or 
Manufacture or Possession of a specific drug. During 1990, a total of 
28,932 arrests for Drug Abuse Law Violations were reported compared to 1989 
with 36,170 arrests, resulting in a 20 percent decrease. 

Evaluation of the reported data discloses that 27 percent of all 
persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations were under 21 years of age 
compared to 28 percent in 1989, and 10 percent were under 18 years of age 
in 1990 compared to 11 percent in 1989. 

Analysis of individual categories showed that the highest percent- 
age of arrests, which involved Opium or Cocaine and derivatives, increased 
to 64 percent in 1990 from 63 percent in 1989. Marijuana involvement de- 
creased to 27 percent in 1990 from 29 percent of the Drug Abuse Arrests in 
1989. 62 percent of total Drug Abuse Arrests were for possession while 38 
percent were for sale or manufacture in 1990 compared to 67 and 33 percent 
respectively in 1989. 

Possession of Marijuana represented 22 percent of the total Drug 
Abuse Arrests in 1990, the same as in 1989. Possession of Opium or Cocaine 
and derivatives increased from 33 percent in 1989 to 34 percent of the 
total Drug Abuse Arrests in 1990. 



153 



5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 







AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Opi um/Cocai ne 




15,016 


18,641 


22,590 


16,446 


10,200 


7,205 


Marijuana 




9,696 


7,669 


10,409 


9,948 


10,682 


9,773 


Synthetic 




1,633 


1,116 


1 ,455 


1,979 


2,239 


1,378 


Other 




1,739 


1 , bUo 


1 , / 1 D 


1 ,890 


1 ,oJ 1 


1 , /OL 


Total 




28,085 


28,932 


36,170 


30,263 


24,952 


20,108 


GAMBLING ARRESTS 












A total 
1989, 264 persons 
percent decrease. 


of 191 Gambling arrests were reported during 1990. 
were arrested for Gambling violations resulting in 


In 
a 28 


Arrests for Gambling offenses amounted to .1 percent of all re- 
ported Part I and Part II arrests in 1990, the same as in 1989. Persons 
under the age of 18 made up 5 percent of all Gambling arrests compared to 
11 percent in 1989. 








5 YEAR 


TREND 












5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


Bookmaki ng 




31 


8 


12 


22 


43 


70 


Numbers 




52 


15 


49 


59 


40 


95 


Other 




289 


168 


203 


319 


344 


411 


Total 




372 


191 


264 


400 


427 


576 



154 



5 YEAR TREND 

TOTAL ARREST COMPARISON 

5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 

Juvenile 38,084 37,450 37,258 38,285 38,470 38,955 

Adult 207,387 226,605 228,867 208,231 192,331 180,902 

Total 245,471 264,055 266,125 246,516 230,801 219,857 



155 



ARRESTS 

JUVENILE 



40oa 



3750-- 



3500-- 



3250-1- 

IMUMBER 

OF 3000H- 
ARRESTS 

27504- 



2500-- 



225a- 



2000- 



JUVENILE ARRESTS 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




^ — I — I — I — I — I — I — I — I — h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

N T H S 



156 



ARRESTS 

ADULTS 



2300a 



22000- - 



21000- - 



20000- - 



19000^ 



NUMBER 

OF 180004- 

ARRESTS 



17000L- 



16000-- 



15000U- 



14000U- 



13000- 



ADULT ARRESTS 1990 



5 YR. AVERAGE 








■\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 



MONTHS 



157 



ARREST RATE 

FIVE YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 

AVERAGE 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 



MURDER 


9 


.4 


12 


.1 


10 


.0 


8 


.5 


7 


.7 


8. 


7 


RAPE 


19 


.0 


21 


.3 


18 


.5 


18 


.0 


17 


.3 


19. 


9 


ROBBERY 


79 


.2 


82 


.0 


79 


.0 


75 


.8 


74 


.4 


84. 


7 


AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 


158 


.8 


165 


.9 


145 


.5 


150 


.0 


163 


.6 


169. 


2 


BREAKING OR ENTERING 


228 


.0 


222 


.5 


231 


.8 


225 


.1 


230 


.4 


230. 


1 


LARCENY 


583 


.4 


601 


.8 


595 


.9 


580 


.5 


569 


.2 


569. 


6 


MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 


138 


.5 


147 


.9 


151 


.9 


144 


.6 


130 


.0 


118. 


1 


CRIME INDEX TOTALS 


1,216 


.2 


1 ,253 


.4 


1,232 


.6 


1 ,202 


.4 


1 ,192 


.5 


1 ,200. 


3 



Arrest rates are a measure of law enforcement activity in response to crime. 
The above table represents the Crime Index arrest rates per 100,000 inhabitants 
in Maryland. 



158 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



"MACr 



FEMALE 



WHITE 



BLACK 



AMERICAN 
INDIAN 



Murder & Nonnegligent Manslaughter 
Manslaughter by Negligence 
Forcible Rape 
Robbery 

Felonious Assault 
Breaking or Entering 
Larceny-Theft 
Motor Vehicle Theft 
Other Assaults 
Arson 

Forgery & Counterfeiting 
Fraud 

Embezzlement 



Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 



Vandal i sm 

Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 
Prostitution S Commercialized Vice 



Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution i Commercialized Vice) 



Drug Abuse Violations 
Gambling 



Offenses Against Family 
and Chi Idren 



Driving under the Influence 
Liquor Laws 
Disorderly Conduct 
Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 
Suspicion 



Curfew & Loitering 
Law Violations 



Run-Aways 
GRAND TOTAL 



522 
28 
1,007 
3,686 
6,595 
9,793 
20,987 
6,467 
22,975 
491 
755 
2,078 
369 
186 

4,875 

4,510 
340 
1,819 

24,503 
160 
826 

27,812 
5,007 

5,513 
201 
66,955 
416 
462 

820 
220,158 



55 
3 

11 
237 
1,337 
845 
7,786 
603 
5,028 
64 
448 
1,785 
208 
18 

592 
366 
909 
268 

4,429 
31 
232 

4,320 
878 
1,139 
27 

10,953 
70 
103 

1,152 
43,897 



87 
19 
343 
618 
3,354 
4,786 
12,724 
1,618 
13,499 
360 
642 
2,304 
211 
110 

3,434 
1,979 
545 
1,110 

10,707 
87 
557 

26,051 
4,158 
3,602 
75 
41,691 
263 
331 

1,378 
136,643 



486 
12 
667 
3,284 
4,526 
5,777 
15,725 
5,419 
14,339 
187 
545 
1.539 
362 
93 

1,995 
2,853 
697 
962 

18,112 
104 
491 

5,732 
1,688 
3,013 
147 
35,509 
221 
234 

581 
125,30U 





4 
11 
19 
27 
111 
6 
83 

3 
11 



10 
16 
5 
3 

78 

1 



17 
2 

169 



3 

647 



4 

4 
10 
33 
48 
213 
27 
82 
8 
13 
9 
4 
1 

28 
28 
2 
12 

35 

9 

289 
31 
20 
4 
539 
2 


10 
1,465 



159 



ARRESTS 



A G E 

"HFR TPr? rr 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



rs — 

Under 



AGE 



Juvenile T8 TS 7S TT 

Total 



"72 2T 



Murder & Nonnegllgent Manslaughter 
Manslaughter by Negligence 
Forcible Rape 
Robbery 

Felonious Assault 
Breaking or Entering 
Larceny-Theft 
Motor Vehicle Theft 
Other Assaults 
Arson 

Forgery S Counterfeiting 
Fraud 

Embezzlement 



Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 



Vandal i sm 

Meapons; Carrying, Possessing, Etc. 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice 



Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution * Commercialized Vice) 



Drug Abuse Violations 
Gambl i ng 



Offenses Against Family 
And Children 



Driving under the Influence 
Liquor Laws 
Disorderly Conduct 
Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 
Suspicion 



Curfew & Loitering 
Law Violations 



Run-Aways 
GRAND TOTAL 





3 
7 

59 
104 
270 
10 
159 
56 



1 

178 

5 

26 

4 


5 

1 
-1 
6 

94 
3 


29 

1,019 





13 
80 
195 
386 
1 ,121 
122 
464 
85 



2 

465 

30 



53 
1 


1 
2 
62 
1 

392 
7 
25 

184 

3,776 



10 25 



38 

113 1 

40 28 44 40 

178 147 215 219 

378 283 305 396 

740 496 449 493 

2,151 1,417 1,452 1,471 

908 874 976 825 

908 590 726 762 

93 37 26 27 
9 



13 23 

12 11 

5 14 

10 20 



640 389 416 413 

153 157 196 239 

2 2 8 9 
130 64 47 54 

312 489 819 1,187 

13 3 1 

6 2 2 

4 11 86 229 

50 128 242 462 

185 173 234 237 

3 4 8 7 
1,060 919 1,149 1,311 

21 14 21 32 

108 127 177 128 

678 518 346 217 



3,715 
3,609 
324 
71 
58 
52 
65 

2,501 
780 
22 
405 



9 
15 

332 
883 
897 
23 



38 31 
1 1 



50 42 



39 



40 40 



79 
6 

168 
846 

1,616 

2,668 515 556 465 415 381 

7,882 1,193 1,142 1,096 842 868 



10 11 
68 48 



12 15 
51 48 



26 23 
9 6 



22 33 58 53 

35 44 66 58 



251 302 
29 19 



309 
15 



275 237 237 221 178 187 
308 399 331 312 284 273 

365 
893 



565 467 325 243 200 159 
805 959 926 1,100 1,074 1,216 



69 106 121 136 173 175 



7 35 23 23 

8 7 10 11 

286 270 193 175 141 147 

298 309 283 245 227 208 



2,864 1,503 1,657 1,676 1,455 1,338 1,322 



3 5 5 5 3 6 

6 7 26 33 25 30 

532 795 966 1,228 1,211 1,218 

565 510 461 283 228 226 



357 285 251 
11 9 10 



4,925 2,146 3,092 3,480 3,451 3,539 3,317 
98 41 25 15 17 21 20 

565 

1,972 



,795 6,923 8,043 8,894 37,450 9.622 11,116 11,226 10,817 10,443 10,319 



160 



ARRESTS 



AGE 



A G E 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 



60-64 65 t 



Adult 



Over Total 



TOTAL 



Murder & Nonnegligent Manslaughter 30 



1 

40 
171 
294 
370 
837 
169 
1.534 
11 
65 
222 
23 
8 

Vandalism 129 
Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 229 
Prostitution & Comnercialized Vice 46 



Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 76 
Prostitution & Comnercialized Vice) 



Manslaughter by Negligence 

Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 
Breaking or Entering 
Larceny-Theft 
Motor Vehicle Theft 
Other Assaults 
Arson 

Forgery i Counterfeiting 
Fraud 

Embezzlement 



Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 



Drug Abuse Violations 
Gambling 



Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



1,348 
3 
48 



Driving under the Influence 1,298 

Liquor Laws 213 

Disorderly Conduct 270 

Vagrancy 10 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 3,565 

Suspicion 10 



Curfew i Loitering 
Law Violations 



103 70 39 

II 3 1 

204 1 58 89 
233 
674 

1,914 1,490 801 

4,737 3,924 2,566 

633 326 143 

6,041 4,640 2,879 

51 29 25 

253 221 

917 788 

149 95 

33 19 



755 455 
1,399 1,073 



649 
851 
363 
344 



474 
574 
293 
313 



115 
518 
48 
11 



251 
366 
125 
219 



6,495 4,538 2,681 

31 17 25 

237 250 176 

7.124 6,130 4,081 

1,014 671 375 
1.305 
37 

17.310 13.661 8.414 

98 61 



957 612 
38 7 



41 



21 

1 

52 
75 
381 
404 
1 .419 
80 
1 ,490 
24 
76 
274 
36 
8 

119 
233 
61 
142 

1,294 
20 
108 



15 
1 

21 
31 
223 
163 
694 
29 
765 
14 
46 
150 
5 
2 

50 
111 
24 



2 

18 
15 
148 
69 



13 



36 
79 
18 

88 61 
432 197 



2,80! 1,799 1,118 

185 107 57 

340 222 137 

7 5 

4,797 2,854 1,391 

19 3 5 



3 
101 
42 



326 224 

8 4 

440 252 

3 5 



12 
37 
2 
3 

20 
35 
10 
65 

70 
7 
16 

688 
43 
69 
6 

919 



2 

1 
2 
62 
11 
117 
2 

160 
2 
8 
18 
1 
2 

13 
27 
6 
31 

35 
13 
8 

439 
43 

42 
2 
581 
2 



1 498 577 

25 31 

1 850 1,018 

2 3,077 3,923 
54 6,316 7.932 

9 7.970 10.638 

113 20,891 28,773 

2 3,355 7,070 

113 24,394 28,003 

2 231 555 

8 1,132 1.203 

17 3,805 3,863 

2 525 577 
139 



2,966 
4,096 
1,227 
1,682 



27 26,068 
11 182 
9 1 ,043 



204 

5,467 
4,876 
1,249 
2,087 

28,932 
191 
1.058 



372 31.800 32.132 

21 5,002 5,885 

46 5,755 

205 



Run-Aways 



GRAND TOTAL 



11,020 53,058 41.268 25,515 



4,467 7,8 



4,271 2,657 



6,652 
228 

466 72,983 77.908 
7 388 486 

565 

1,972 

1.630 1.368 226.605 264.055 



161 



TABLES FOR ARRESTS 
AGENCY ARE CONTAINED 
"MARYLAND 



BY REGION, COUNTY, AND 
IN THE SUPPLEMENT REPORT 
ARREST DATA" 



162 



LAW 
ENFORCEMENT 
EMPLOYEE DATA 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 



Two law enforcement officers were killed in the line of duty in 
Maryland during 1990. The following summaries are based on information provided 
by their Departments and the Federal Bureau of Investigation who conduct in-depth 
investigations of these tragic incidents in which law enforcement officers have 
made the supreme sacrifice in the performance of their duties. 



JANUARY 13, 1990 

A Prince George's County Police Corporal died on January 13, 1990 as a 
result of wounds sustained in an October 17, 1986 incident. The thirteen year 
veteran had responded to a shoplifting complaint at a convenience store. Upon 
approaching the forty-eight year old suspect and requesting her identification, 
she instead took a steak knife from her purse and stabbed him in his side. The 
Corporal was then able to draw his handgun and shoot the woman, but he was stabbed 
a second time in the chest. The woman was arrested by other officers, she re- 
covered from her wound and was confined to a psychiatric treatment facility. 



MARCH 29, 1990 

A Maryland State Police Corporal was shot and killed on March 29, 1990 
at approximately 4:00 A.M. while conducting a traffic stop along Interstate isouce 
95 near Jessup, Md. The sixteen year veteran stopped a car for speeding. The car 
was later found to have been stolen in Virginia. One of the two occupants of the 
car subsequently shot and killed the Corporal. They fled the scene in the car 
which was located shortly thereafter about ten miles away in Landsdowne, Md. The 
investigation revealed their identities and location in New York, N.Y. where they 
appeared for sentencing for prior assault and handgun convictions. They were 
charge with the Corporal's murder the day. 



165 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ASSAULTED 

The following information is based on a detailed monthly collection 
of data in the Uniform Crime Reporting System regarding the problem of 
assaults on local, county and state law enforcement officers. The large 
number of reported assaults on sworn officers is in part due to a prevalent 
attitude of disrespect for law enforcement in certain elements of our society. 

A total of 5,131 law enforcement officers in Maryland were victims 
of assault in the line of duty during 1990 compared to 5,332 assaults during 
1989 resulting in a 4 percent decrease.. 

The rate of assaults on law enforcement officers for the state was 
39 assaults for every 100 sworn officers in 1990 compared to 42 assaults per 
100 sworn officers in 1989. 

Physical force was used in 87 percent of all assaults on police 

officers. 

The greatest number of assaults 1,977 (39 percent) occurred while 
officers were responding to disturbance calls (family disputes, man with a 
gun, etc.). 35 percent of assaults on police officers occurred between 
10:01 P.M. and 2:00 A.M. 

A total of 5,065 assaults on law enforcement officers were cleared 
during 1990 amounting to a 99 percent clearance rate. 



5 YEAR TREND 
INJURY VS NON-INJURY 





5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


No Personal Injury 


3,930 


4,115 


4,338 


3,993 


3,783 


3,419 


Personal Injury 


921 


1,016 


994 


1,027 


820 


749 


Total 


4,851 


5,131 


5.332 


5,020 


4,603 


4.168 






WEAPONS 








Firearm 


142 


148 


153 


161 


131 


119 


Knife 


57 


60 


53 


73 


39 


60 


Other 


388 


436 


445 


406 


328 


324 


Physical Force 


4,264 


4,487 


4,681 


4,380 


4,105 


3,665 


Total 


4,851 


5,131 


5,332 


5,020 


4,603 


4,168 



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180 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program in Maryland incorporates 
the collection of pertinent data relating to the police of the State. 
Information regarding police employee strength is discussed in this 
section. 

This information is submitted by county, municipal, and state 
law enforce-iient agencies and compiled on an annual basis. Specific 
information concerning the number of law enforcement employees reflects 
the status as of October 31, 1990. 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 

In 1990, the average number of full-time law enforcement 
employees (county, municipal and state) including civilian employees, 
amounted to 3.5 for each 1,000 inhabitants of the State. The rate 
based on sworn personnel only (excluding civilians), amounted to 2.7 
per 1,000 population. In 1989, the average number of full-time law 
enforcement employees amounted to 3.4 for each 1,000 inhabitants and 
2.7 sworn personnel per 1,000 inhabitants of the State. 

The ratio of law enforcement employees per 1,000 population 
in any given area or municipality is influenced by a number of factors, 
much the same as the crime rate. The determination of law enforcement 
strength for a given county or municipality is based on factors such as 
population density, size and character of the community, geographic 
location, proximity to metropolitan areas, and other conditions which 
exist in the area generating the need for Ifw enforcement services. 
Employee rates also differ among agencies si.,Cr:, in particular, there 
is a wide variation of the responsibilities arir; level of activity within 
various law enforcement agencies. The information in this section 
relates to reported police employee strength and should not be interpreted 
as recommended strength for any area. 



CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES 

The personnel of each law enforcement agency differ as to the 
demands and responsibilities placed before them. Many police officers 
are fully occupied with clerical tasks and are not free to perform 
active police duties. Some police administrators use civilians in this 
capacity, thus freeing the sworn personnel for actual police related 
services. 

As of October 31, 1990, 3,699 or 22 percent of the total number 
of police employees in Maryland were civilians. 



181 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 

*NUMBER SWORN **RATE 



REGION I 902 2.6 

Caroline County 50 1.8 

Cecil County 177 2.5 

Dorchester County 65 2.2 

Kent County 33 1.9 

Queen Anne's County 73 2.2 

Somerset County 58 2.5 

Talbot County 89 2.9 

Wicomico County 195 2.6 

Worcester County 162 4.6 

REGION II 379 1.7 

Calvert County 87 1.7 

Charles County 177 1.8 

St. Mary's County 115 1.5 



REGION III 825 1.7 

Allegany County 160 2.1 

Carroll County 174 1.4 

Frederick County 251 1.7 

Garrett County 48 1.7 

Washington County 192 1.6 

REGION IV 3,094 2.1 

Montgomery County 1,178 1.6 

Pr. George's County 1,916 2.6 

REGION V 7,130 3.2 

Baltimore City 3,198 4.3 

Anne Arundel County 937 2.2 

Baltimore County 2,095 3.0 

Harford County 407 2.2 

Howard County 493 2.6 

STATEWIDE 698 



STATE TOTALS 13,028 2.7 



*Number sworn persons only 
**Rate per 1,000 population 



182 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 

TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



REGION I 1 ,151 902 249 924 227 

CAROLINE COUNTY 72 50 22 61 11 

Denton 9 9 8 1 

Federal sburg 7 7 7 

Goldsboro 110 10 

Greensboro 3 3 2 1 

Preston 2 2 2 

Ridgely 2 2 2 

Sheriff's Dept. 40 19 21 32 8 

State Police 8 7 1 7 1 

CECIL COUNTY 222 177 45 181 41 

Elkton 30 22 8 19 11 

North East 7 6 1 6 1 

Port Deposit 4 4 3 1 

Rising Sun 5 3 2 3 2 

Sheriff's Dept. 34 30 4 29 5 

State Police 142 112 30 121 21 

DORCHESTER COUNTY 85 65 20 72 13 

Cambridge 46 34 12 37 9 

Hurlock 6 6 6 

Sheriff's Dept. 22 16 6 20 2 

State Police 119 2 9 2 

KENT COUNTY 36 33 3 32 4 

Chestertown 8 7 1 6 2 

Rock Hall 4 4 40 

Sheriff's Dept. 17 16 1 16 1 

State Police 7 6 1 6 1 

QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 89 73 16 71 18 

Centreville 7 7 7 

Sheriff's Dept. 23 21 2 20 3 

State Police 59 45 14 44 15 



183 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



SOMERSET COUNTY 


66 


58 


8 


54 


12 


fri <;f i p1 d 




7 


n 

o 


1 
1 


7 


p 
c 


Prinrp^^ Annp 




U 


n 


c 

3 


i 


llni V of Mfl -F^^^t ^hnrp 


1 7 




q 
3 


1 O 


A 
*T 


Sheriff's Dpnt 


10 


9 


1 
1 


O 

o 


9 


State Police 


24 


23 


1 


21 


3 


TALBOT COUNTY 


120 


89 


31 


96 


24 


Fflston 

L. U O U w 1 1 


47 


33 


1 4 
1 1 




1 1 


Oxford 


3 


3 


n 


■a 
o 





St. Michael ' s 

w w • III w 1 1 \A w 1 >J 


6 


6 





u 





Sheri f f ' s Deot . 


12 


10 


2 


9 


3 


State Police 


52 


37 


15 

1 ^ 


42 


10 


WICOMICO COUNTY 


248 


195 


53 


194 


54 


Delmar 


8 


7 


1 


8 





Frui 1 1 and 


9 


8 


1 

1 


8 


1 


Sal i sburv 


81 


62 


19 

1 ^ 


59 


22 


Sflli^burv St Univ 


18 


17 


1 

1 


15 


3 


Sheriff's Dent 

<k.9IICI III O L^CUU* 


58 


45 


13 


42 


16 

1 w 


^I'P'hp Pnl i rp 


74 




18 




12 


WORCESTER COUNTY 


213 


162 


51 


163 


50 


Berl in 


12 


7 


5 


7 


5 


Ocean City 


98 


77 


21 


74 


24 


D^oAD Dinoc 
ULcail r 1 ilcb 


1 ^ 


1 1 


A 
*r 


\ c 


•3 


Pocomoke City 


13 


9 


4 


9 


4 


Snow Hi 1 1 


6 


6 





6 





Sheriff's Dept. 


24 


21 


3 


21 


3 


State Police 


45 


31 


14 


34 


11 


REGION II 


485 


379 


106 


391 


94 


CALVERT COUNTY 


101 


87 


14 


86 


15 



North Beach 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



9 
51 
41 



9 
46 
32 



7 
44 
35 



184 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



CHARLES COUNTY 



240 



177 



63 



186 



54 



LaPlata 

Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



4 

180 
56 



4 

132 
41 




48 
15 



4 

137 
45 




43 
11 



ST. MARY'S COUNTY 



144 



115 



29 



119 



25 



St. Mary's College 12 
Sheriff's Dept. 79 
State Police 53 



8 

65 
42 



4 

14 
11 



7 
64 
48 



5 

15 
5 



REGION III 



ALLEGANY COUNTY 



1,104 
220 



825 
160 



279 



60 



922 



189 



182 



31 



Cumberland 56 

Frostburg 17 

Frostburg St. Univ. 18 

Lonaconing 2 

Luke 2 

Westernport 5 

State's Att. Office 13 

Sheriff's Dept. 39 

State Police 68 



51 
13 
16 
2 
2 
5 
1 

18 
52 



5 
4 
2 



12 
21 
16 



49 
15 
15 
2 
2 
5 
7 
33 
61 



CARROLL COUNTY 



210 



174 



36 



177 



33 



Hampstead 3 

Manchester 3 
Springfield Hospital 16 

Sykesville 6 

Taneytown 5 

Westminster 38 

Sheriff's Dept. 29 

State Police 110 



3 
3 
8 
5 

5 
29 
26 
95 





8 
1 

9 
3 
15 



3 
3 

13 
4 
5 
28 
26 
95 





3 
2 


10 
3 
15 



185 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER 



NUMBER 



NUMBER 





lOIAL 


CI inDM 

SWUKN 


CIVILIAN 


MALE 


FREDERICK COUNTY 


303 


251 

Cm 1 


52 


250 


Rrun^wi ck 


1 O 


1 1 


2 


in 


Frederick 


100 


86 


14 


83 


Thurmont 


5 


5 





5 


bneritt s Dept. 


81 


70 


11 


63 


State Police 


104 


79 


25 


89 


GARRETT COUNTY 


68 


48 


20 


62 


UdK 1 dncl 


c 



4 


1 


4 


Sheriff s Dept. 


26 


1 IT 

15 


11 


22 


otate rOiice 


0/ 




Q 
O 


00 


WASHINGTON COUNTY 


303 


192 


1 1 1 

1 1 1 


244 


Haaer stown 


1 1 1 

1 1 1 


93 


18 


92 


Hancock 


4 


3 


1 


3 


Smi thsburg 


1 


1 





1 


Sheriff's Dept. 


128 


52 


76 


97 


State Police 


59 


43 


16 


51 


nnOT/^M T\/ 

REGION Iv 


3,973 


3,094 


879 


2,978 


MONTGOMERY COUNTY 


1 ,500 


1,178 


322 


1 ,088 


Chevy Chase 


9 


8 


1 


7 


Gai thersburg 


18 


17 


1 


15 


Great Oaks 


11 


6 


5 


3 


Md. Nat. Cap Park 


98 


81 


17 


73 


rion Lgointii y 


1 , vjou 


837 


249 


782 


Rockvi 1 1 e 


49 


35 


14 


34 


Takoma Park 


42 


T C 
JO 


7 




Sheriff's Dept. 


1 1 2 


yy 


1 "3 
1 O 


/ o 


State Police 


75 


60 


1 5 




PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 


2,473 


1 ,916' 


557 


1 ,890 


Berwyn Heights 


5 


3 


2 


3 


81 adensburg 


19 


15 


4 


14 


Bowie State Univ. 


17 


12 


5 


9 


Capitol Heights 


8 


7 


1 


6 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 

53 

3 

17 

18 
15 



1 
4 
1 

59 

19 
1 


31 
8 

995 

412 

2 
3 
8 

25 
304 

15 
10 
34 
11 

583 

2 
5 



186 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 
(CONT'D) 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 

TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



Cheverly 11 

Cottage City 3 

District Heights 8 

Edmonston 4 

Forest Heights 5 

Glen Arden 11 

Greenbelt 56 

Hyattsville 31 

Landover Hills 3 

Laurel 57 

Md. Nat. Cap. Park 109 

Morningside 5 

Mt. Ranier 11 

Pr. George's Co. 1,596 

Riverdale 14 

Univ. of Md.-C.P. 82 

University Park 7 

Upper Marlboro 1 

Sheriff's Dept. 258 

State Police 152 

REGION V 8,804 

BALTIMORE CITY 3,861 

Baltimore City 3,390 

Coppin State Univ. 14 

General Services 56 

Morgan State Univ. 31 

Mass Transit Admn. 87 

Univ. of Balto. 25 

Univ. of Md. -Balto. 102 

Sheriff's Dept. 138 

State Police 18 



in 

1 u 


1 
1 


Q 
O 






u 




n 
u 


7 
1 


1 


7 


1 
1 


A 


u 


h 
*f 


n 
u 




1 


c 
3 


n 


g 


o 

c 


Q 


2 


40 


16 


41 


15 


24 


7 


25 


6 


3 





3 





42 


15 


44 


13 


88 


21 


85 


24 


5 





5 





6 


5 


6 


5 


1,243 


353 


1,220 


376 


10 


4 


9 


5 


74 


8 


62 


20 


7 





7 





1 





1 





183 


75 


186 


72 


116 


36 


128 


24 


7.130 


1 ,674 


6,876 


1 ,928 


3,198 


663 


3,042 


819 


2,839 


551 


2,681 


709 


13 


1 


11 


3 


29 


27 


38 


18 


25 


6 


24 


7 


84 


3 


71 


16 


11 


14 


16 


9 


54 


48 


72 


30 


125 


13 


112 


26 


18 





17 


1 



187 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 







Ml IMD CD 

NUMbtK 


Ml IMD CD 

INUnDtK 


Ml IMD CD 

NUMdLK 


Ml iMorc 




THTAI 
1 (J 1 AL 


CI.IDDM 

bWUKN 


P T \/ T 1 T A M 

LI VILIAN 


MAI IT 

MALE 


CTM A 1 C 

r LMALt 


ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 


1,240 


937 


303 


931 


309 


Annapol i s 


152 


114 


38 


106 


46 


Anne Arundel Co. 


737 


561 


176 


563 


174 


General Services 


88 


43 


45 


52 


36 


Sheriff's Dept. 


31 


30 


1 


27 


4 


btate Ponce 


o o o 

232 


1 QQ 


/I o 


TOO 

183 


49 


BALTIMORE COUNTY 


2,596 


2,095 


501 


2,058 


538 


Baltimore Co. 


1,748 


1,555 


193 


1,452 


296 


Md. Port Admin. 


86 


81 


5 


68 


18 


Sparrows Point 


15 


15 





15 





Towson St. Univ. 


38 


28 


10 


27 


11 


Univ. of Md.-Balto. 


Co. 28 


21 


7 


22 


6 


bnenTT s uept. 


t)/ 


DO 


A 

4 


/I c 


1 c 


oLate ronce 




"3/1 


9Q9 




1 ? J 


HARFORD COUNTY 


451 


407 


44 


336 


115 


Aberdeen 


46 


37 


9 


36 


10 


Bel Air 


41 


30 


11 


29 


12 


Havre de Grace 


30 


22 


8 


20 


10 


bheritt s Dept. 






U 


1 Ol 

1 1 


/ 1 


State Police 


OC. 


00 


1 


/U 




HOWARD COUNTY 


656 


493 


163 


509 


147 


Howard Co. 


373 


296 


11 


282 


91 


Sheriff s Dept. 


38 


23 


1 5 


29 


Q 

y 


State Ponce 


245 


1 74 


71 


198 


/1 7 
4/ 


STATEWIDE AGENCIES 


1,210 


698 


512 


935 


275 


Md. Alcohol Tax Enf. 


14 


13 


1 


12 


2 


Md. Park Service 


565 


212 


353 


453 


112 


Md. Toll Facilities 


320 


221 


99 


212 


108 


Natural Resources 


257 


215 


42 


217 


40 


State Fire Marshal 


54 


37 


17 


41 


13 


MARYLAND TOTALS 


16,727 


13,028 


3,699 


13,026 


3,701 



188 



10 YEAR COUNTY TREND 



1990 



1989 



1987 



1986 



1985 



1984 



1983 



1982 



1981 



Population 74,9% 76,375 76,500 

Index CRl^€ 2,388 2,280 2,131 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 160 151 159 



Allegany 
75,697 
2,011 

m 



78,947 
2,006 
154 



77,655 
1,795 
157 



80,835 
1,857 
164 



82.605 
1,948 
165 



81,858 81,781 
2,189 2,473 
174 174 



Population 
Index Crime 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 



427,239 424,124 
20,600 18,964 
937 881 



422,547 
19,008 
818 



Anne Arundel 



412,522 
19,303 
768 



399,108 
19,715 
755 



392,718 
17,148 
787 



388,659 
16,955 
803 



379,967 
16,894 
780 



376,525 376,172 
18,775 20,435 
771 744 



Population 
Index Crime 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 



736,014 763,138 
79,145 72,380 
3,198 3,218 



Baltimore City 



763,880 764,893 
71,121 66,659 
3,308 3,231 



783,542 
67,345 
3,277 



771,097 
67,375 
3,272 



788,604 
66,877 
3,336 



805,527 
70,080 
3,056 



791,175 797,429 
74,212 79,102 
3,307 3.273 



Population 
Index Crime 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 



692,134 700,068 
42,991 41,775 
2.095 2.128 



Baltimore County 



592.703 581.068 
43.961 41.541 
2.094 2.050 



690.658 
43.228 
2,019 



579,708 
39,861 
1,876 



571,586 
38,577 
1,834 



558,705 
38,774 
1,877 



662,646 662,025 
43,817 47,183 
1.981 1.934 



Population 51,372 48.750 

Index Crime 1.136 1.230 

Swo,?N Law Enforcement Officers 87 78 



Calvert 
47.621 44.402 
1,115 1,124 
69 52 



40,299 
1,173 
55 



39.586 
1.171 
53 



35.985 
954 
54 



35.222 



63 



34.904 
1.074 
62 



34,871 
1,267 
59 



Population 27,035 25,695 25,295 

Index Crime 574 539 621 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 50 48 46 



Carol i ne 
24,386 
533 
42 



24.223 
677 
42 



23.832 
557 
45 



23.838 
505 
48 



23.752 
556 
42 



23.550 
722 
38 



23.528 
779 
43 



Population 123.372 120,554 118,898 

Index Crime 2,925 3,144 2,969 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 174 169 162 



Carroll 
113,393 
2,717 
149 



107,514 
2,608 
150 



105,829 
2.098 
151 



102,737 
2,321 
159 



98,637 
2,182 
151 



97,748 97,657 
2,459 2,635 
138 135 



Population 
Index Crime 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 



71,347 72,922 
2,813 2,497 

177 166 



70,868 
2,338 
163 



Cecil 
58,584 
2,365 
160 



67,238 
2,157 
142 



65,143 
2,099 
152 



64,216 
2,068 
153 



51,713 
2,231 
112 



61,157 61,099 
2,373 2,572 
167 150 



Population 
Index Crime 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 



101,154 96,281 
4,541 4,255 
177 157 



Charles 
95,856 90,430 
4,158 3,801 
170 158 



89,937 
3,319 
149 



82,503 
2,988 
150 



79,140 
2,964 
163 



74.271 
2,773 
157 



73,599 73,530 
3,129 3,350 
153 151 



PoPULATioii 30,236 30,875 

Index C,;ime 1,232 1,524 

Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 55 55 



Do.rchester 



30.621 30,380 
1,411 1,343 
75 57 



30,593 
1,330 
79 



30,194 
1,241 
59 



30,853 
1,082 
51 



31,351 
1,187 
55 



31,079 
1,490 
51 



31,050 
1,517 
61 



189 



COUNTY TRENDS 





1990 


1989 


1988 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 










Frederick 












Population 


150,208 


141,882 


140,302 


133,612 


127,271 


125,217 


122,120 


116,584 


115,529 


115,420 


IfunFy r^iMF 


5,198 


4,524 




4,008 


3,908 




j,yDU 




4,3d1 


4,695 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


251 


233 


212 


209 


192 


190 


191 


181 


189 


189 










Garrett 














Population 


28,138 


27,320 


27,036 


26,926 


27,553 


27,164 


27,359 


21.201 


26,962 


26,937 


Index Crime 


625 


676 


610 


648 


515 




DlcS 


oyi 




7n7 
/U/ 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


48 


40 


47 


44 


39 


^\ 


39 


39 


43 


43 










Harford 














Population 


182,132 


173,052 


167,546 


150,945 


154,882 


152,381 


151,550 


148,188 


145,846 


146,708 


Index Crime 


5,751 


5,534 


5,875 


5,620 


5,426 






/I 9Q9 


c; 1 70 


Q QQ7 
3,88/ 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


407 


388 


373 


343 


318 


319 


309 


363 


285 


282 










Howard 














Population 


187,328 


165,546 


160,989 


153,629 


139,251 


137,032 


129,1W 


121,601 


120,500 


120,387 


Index Crime 


fi 927 




8,103 


7,990 


8,085 


7 ^07 
1 .ill 


D.bUy 


D,/'4'4 


b,U/9 


5,481 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 






433 


389 


368 


344 


275 


303 


277 


262 










Kent 














Population 




17,266 


17,410 


17,171 


17,127 


16,864 


15,877 


17,124 


16,970 


16,954 








3oH 


460 


535 


jji 








^1 
JOl 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


33 


36 


37 


27 


34 


30 


29 


28 


29 


28 










Montgomery 












Population 


757,027 


715,912 


702,535 


675,885 


640,355 


530,125 


505,398 


589,400 


584,061 


583,513 


Tiurvcv Pot Mr 


30,489 


97 7nfi 




28,784 


27,105 


9F; 189 

LUi 1.0c 


9R^ 


23,368 


97 Wl 




Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


1,178 


1,183 


1,111 


1,059 


1,039 


991 


989 


1,028 


1,011 


954 










Prince George's 












Population 


729,268 


711,951 


702,944 


692,346 


593,240 


682,233 


681,610 


575,231 


559,127 


558,499 


Index Crime 


5Z , / Ml 


iiQ nil 


ilQ A79 


47,128 


45,385 


MZ / oDM 


3y,M/o 


iil 119 


40 , 3/ 


■^9 R^9 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


1,916 


1,582 


1,580 


1,521 


1,505 


1,453 


1,436 


1,391 


1,385 


1,337 










Queen Anne 












Population 


33,953 


32,500 


31,747 


30,075 


28,420 


71. m 


27,090 


25,199 


25,953 


25,939 


Index Crip^ 


Q77 




2Q9 


750 


741 


OZj 


/JO 


770 
//U 


/ou 


81 (i 

014 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


73 


56 


60 


59 


55 


50 


50 


53 


43 


49 










St, Mary' 


s 












Pnpi II AT 1 nw 

rUrULM 1 1 \JVi 


75,974 


71,398 


71,380 


68,381 


65,135 


64,123 


52,450 


61,393 


50,837 


50,780 


Index Crime 


2,526 


2,479 


2,633 


2,118 


1,927 


1,879 


1,750 


1,596 


1,826 


2,085 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


115 


102 


95 


91 


78 


76 


11 


75 


74 


75 










Somerset 














Population 


23,440 


19,703 


19,970 


19,610 


19,147 


18,884 


18,973 


19,547 


19,372 


19,353 


Index Crime 


542 


555 


596 


723 


648 


559 


491 


492 


580 


697 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


58 


55 


48 


46 


37 


44 


44 


43 


46 


50 



190 



COUNTY TRENDS 



1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1981 1983 1982 1981 
Talbot 

Population 30.549 28,W 28,170 27,637 27,521 27,063 26,695 26.171 25,939 25,911 

Index Crime 1.076 1,202 988 1.025 1.063 922 912 870 959 1.113 

Sworn Uw Enforcement Officers 89 81 85 81 73 78 78 85 79 79 

Washington 

Population 121.393 119,610 118.591 115.933 111,891 113,100 113,831 115.768 111.722 111,611 

Index Crime 3.180 3,078 2,921 3,215 3.010 2.911 2.799 3.171 3.367 3.876. 

Sworn Uw Enforcement Officers 192 171 171 167 171 157 160 171 173 180 

Wicomico 

Population 71.339 73.125 72,609 70,113 67.710 66,618 66,571 66.705 66.102 66.010 

Index Crime 1,211 3,913 1,365 1,107 3,720 3,250 2,795 2.918 3.590 3.658 

Sworn Uw Enforcement Officers 195 206 175 161 158 157 158 159 152 155 

Worcester 

Population 35.028 37.176 37,182 36.680 31.291 33.728 31.953 31.109 30.829 30.800 

Index Crime 3.270 3.192 3.035 3,168 3,522 3,078 2,675 2,586 2,801 3,066 

Sworn Uw Enforce.^ient Officers 162 157 157 157 153 156 152 151 117 116 



191 



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